There have been a lot of times when we have seen the need to enter a large number of DNS entries in a forward lookup zone.
The standard procedure would be to launch the DNS Manager console, create the Zone and start adding new hosts using the New Host action. The higher the number of new hosts to be added, the greater the possibility of making a mistake. This article has been created to make the Administrator's life easier.
When the admin is executing the above GUI driven procedure, he is actually executing the dnscmd
command followed by some switches and parameters. It seems reasonable to write a batch file that would do this in sequence with a hit of a single button.
The actual dnscmd command syntax is explained below:
dnscmd [ServerName] /recordadd ZoneName NodeName RRType RRData
While the Parameters are the following:
ServerName: Specifies the DNS server the administrator is planning to manage, represented by local computer syntax, IP address, FQDN, or Host name. If omitted, the local server is used.
ZoneName: Specifies the zone in which the record resides.
NodeName: Specifies a specific node in the zone.
RRType: Specifies the type of record to be added.
RRData: Specifies the type of data that is expected when using a certain data type.
Based on the above if our ServerName is dt00001.mydomain.com, our ZoneName is myzone.mydomain.com, our NodeName is dt00xxx (where 001<xxx<255), the RRType is an A record type and the RRData is 172.29.2.xxx (where 001<xxx<255). To add dt00002 host we would simple need to run the following command:
dnscmd dt00001.mydomain.com /recordadd myzone.mydomain.com dt00002 A 172.29.2.2
To add the dt00003 we would need to run the following command:
dnscmd dt00001.mydomain.com /recordadd myzone.mydomain.com dt00003 A 172.29.2.3
The above commands could be combined easily in a single .bat file that when executed one after the other would create all the needed host entries in our zone. The problem rises on how to create this .bat file easily, eliminating the possibility of a mistake. To do this all you will need is Excel and this guide.
1. Open Excel and create a new blank spreadsheet.
2. Starting on cell A1 type the above command splitting each parameter in a different cell like in the following capture
3. Use the automatic option that Excel provides you to extend your list vertically adding automatically the new entries as shown in the following captures
4. Repeat step 3 as far as you need in order to get all the entries you want until you get something like the following capture
5. When done choose Save as
and select CSV DOS format.
6. Browse to the location where you saved your .csv file and open it with Notepad. What you will see should be something like the following capture
7. You can see that you are nearly done. What you need now is to replace the commas followed by a space with a space character. To do that go to menu Edit
and choose Replace
. In the pop up window in the "Find what" field type ", " (a comma followed by a space character without the quotes) and in the "Replace with" type in " " (a space character without the quotes). Click on Replace All
button. The result would be something like the following capture
8. The final step is to rename the file from .csv to .bat and get something like the following capture
Since we are done with the creation of the batch file we should now be able to execute it on the actual DNS server. To do that follow the below steps:
1. Go to your server and launch the DNS Manager
2. Expand your Forward Lookup Zones
3. Choose New Zone from the actions menu
4. Follow the wizard without changing anything apart from adding the zone's name. Make sure to set the name to myzone.mydomain.com (similar to what you used while creating your batch file)
5. Copy the batch file to your DNS server to a location that you can easily reach (e.g. c:\)
6. Locate the Command line from your server's programs list, right click and choose to run your batch file as administrator, in order to launch it with elevated privileges.
7. In the command prompt move to C:\ (or to the exact location where you saved your batch file) and execute your file by typing its name. In our case command prompt would seem like the following capture
8. Wait until the batch file executes all its lines and go back to your DNS Manager console. Refresh and ta da... all your hosts are in place
Now that you have the procedure in place you can always tweak your .bat file with all the parameters you want in order to delete, edit, and so on using information from Microsoft's related page