Become an Administrator :: Active Directory

Sam Simon NasserIT Support Professional
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Table of Contents:
Lesson 1 - Installing Windows Server 2012
Lesson 2 - Configuring Server 2012
Lesson 3 - Active Directory (this article)

Windows Server 2012 Active Directory

following the previous lessons, we installed and configured our server. now, we are going to create users and connect them on the client PCs.

Active Directory: is the software role to be installed on the server, which will contain users, computers, Organization Unit and other.
Domain: is the repository in which users are defined in. Each Server can have one domain

So let's proceed. log in to the server with your administrator account. if you don't see the server manager window, click on its icon in the lower left corner.  From the Server Manager Dashboard , click on Add Roles and Features . You will get the Before You Begin screen (usually basic information, you can skip it for future times)
before you beginyou will need to select the Installation Type . Since this is a standalone server, we will select the Role Based or Feature Based Installation .
installation typeselect the Destination Server . this is to define which server to install the role or feature, in case you have multiple servers. in our case we have only one server (our server name as described before in server12 with IP
select servernow we are going to select our server role. in this tutorial we are going to select Active Directory Domain Services , but for the upcoming tutorials, we will select other roles and describe them one by one. so the first 3 screen will remain the same for all the upcoming tutorials.
active directorywhen we select Active Directory Domain Services , we will be prompted in install it's dependencies, so hit OK
AD dependenciesthe next screen is about adding features. feature can be used across the system (whatever the role installed).currently we don't want to add any, so hit next
featuresthe next screen will describe a little about the Active Directory Domain Services . hit next
ADDSthe last screen, it will show a collective description of what we want to install. PRIOR of hitting install, put a check on Restart the destination server automatically if required. hit Install. it will take some time to install and then restart the server.
after the server restart, will create our first user account, and then configure a PC to log in with this account.

Log in to the server, and from the dashboard, click on AD DS on the left. you will notice a yellow bar on the top that tells you that configuration is required. click on more
AD configin the next screen, click on Promote this server to a domain controller
AD Promotesince this is a new server and standalone (not connected to other servers), click on add a new forest and give a name to your domain
 new forestdomain controller options, keep as is, and input a password for directory services restore if need
AD passwordnext screen, since i have not yet added DNS, we will see a warning, discard it now and will fix it when we add the DNS later
DNSnext screens should not be altered, so next next next and install. discard the DNS messages as this will be fixed later.

no we will add a user, go to the dashboard and click tools - active directory users and computers
AD usersin the active directory users and computers , navigate into our domain (i.e. samnasser.local), right click users and choose new - user
new userfill the information (first name, last name, username) as shown below
new userprovide the user password (you must have complex password: upper and lower letters, numbers and signs), and check that account never expires
passclick finish. now we have created our active directory user. let’s switch to the machine that we want to add it to our domain.
logged as local administrator, right click computer and choose properties . click advanced settings , computer name , and click change. change the PC name if preferred, and click on domain and type our domain name (samnasser.local). if everything is correct, we will see the log in screen for the server administrator (administrator / your password), then it will ask for restart.
connect to domainyou are now done to log in to a PC connected to server.
logNext tutorial is how to customize this user on the network, connect to shared, and create scripts and so on.

Sam Simon NasserIT Support Professional
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Comments (3)

Sam Simon NasserIT Support Professional


after approving this article, kindly modify my 2 other articles (same series, how to become an administrator) for the table of contents.

if i modify them myself then this will require moderator approval and will take some time. i appreciate if you help me with this .
Sam Simon NasserIT Support Professional


one small question, i have submitted this article on June 20th, but under my name in the top of the page, it's mention (Posted on2013-05-20 at 05:06:23), which is the day which i started composing this article.

is there a way to change this date or it's common in EE that it's the date of composing?

Sam Simon NasserIT Support Professional


june 12 not 20th .... sorry

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