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MSSQL: Calculating Age (in years) :: right -v- wrong

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PortletPaul
More years at various grindstones than I care to remember. Some interesting grindstones though: Shipbuilding, Aerospace ..... IT
When calculating a person's age; year, month and day-of-month all need to be compared to the current year, month and day-of-month. Attempting to do this by a formula can only be an approximation and many common methods that are proposed for this calulation are incorrect, e.g.
                      , DATEDIFF(DAY, BirthDate, GETDATE()) / 365
                      , DATEDIFF(YEAR, BirthDate, GETDATE())

These simplistic approaches ignore the true impact of day/month when comparing to another date, and will frequently overstate age by 1 year     (the datediff(day method is 'better' but sill not great).
 
A reliable method is to do all 3 needed comparisons (year, month and day-of-month)  with the assisnace of a case expression like so:

                      , YEAR(getdate()) - YEAR(BirthDate)                                   --<< year comparison
                        - ( CASE
                               WHEN MONTH(BirthDate) > MONTH(getdate())   --<< month comparison
                                 OR ( MONTH(BirthDate) = MONTH(getdate())
                                    AND DAY(BirthDate) > DAY(getdate())               --<< day-of-month comparison
                                    )
                               THEN 1
                               ELSE 0
                             END )                                AS Reliable_Age

This can be compared to other calculation methods, here I have used a common table expression (CTE) to setup a range of birthdates
 
    /* demonstrating calculation of age against 2 unreliable methods */
    ;WITH
      CTE AS (
                SELECT
                        CAST('19100101' AS datetime) AS BirthDate
                UNION ALL
                        SELECT DATEADD(DAY, 1, BirthDate)
                        FROM CTE
                        WHERE BirthDate < DATEADD(DAY, -1, GETDATE())
                    )
    , CTE2 AS (
                SELECT
                        BirthDate
                      , YEAR(getdate()) - YEAR(BirthDate)
                        - ( CASE
                               WHEN MONTH(BirthDate) > MONTH(getdate())
                                 OR ( MONTH(BirthDate) = MONTH(getdate())
                                    AND DAY(BirthDate) > DAY(getdate())
                                    )
                               THEN 1
                               ELSE 0
                             END )                                AS Reliable_Age
                      , DATEDIFF(DAY, BirthDate, GETDATE()) / 365 AS Unreliable_Age_1
                      , DATEDIFF(YEAR, BirthDate, GETDATE())      AS Unreliable_Age_2
                FROM CTE
              )
    SELECT
            convert(varchar(10), getdate(), 121)      AS Today
          , count(BirthDate)                          AS count_BirthDate
          , convert(varchar(10), min(BirthDate), 121) AS min_BirthDate
          , convert(varchar(10), max(BirthDate), 121) AS max_BirthDate
          , Reliable_Age
          , Unreliable_Age_1
          , Unreliable_Age_2
    FROM CTE2
    WHERE Reliable_Age <> Unreliable_Age_1
       OR Reliable_Age <> Unreliable_Age_2
    GROUP BY
            Reliable_Age
          , Unreliable_Age_1
          , Unreliable_Age_2
    ORDER BY
          min_BirthDate
    
    OPTION (MAXRECURSION 0)

Open in new window

and the result table of that is:

notice how frequetly the last 2 columns disagree with the reliable calculation
    |      TODAY | COUNT_BIRTHDATE | MIN_BIRTHDATE | MAX_BIRTHDATE | RELIABLE_AGE | UNRELIABLE_AGE_1 | UNRELIABLE_AGE_2 |
    |------------|-----------------|---------------|---------------|--------------|------------------|------------------|
    | 2013-10-02 |              26 |    1910-10-03 |    1910-10-28 |          102 |              103 |              103 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              64 |    1910-10-29 |    1910-12-31 |          102 |              102 |              103 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              26 |    1911-10-03 |    1911-10-28 |          101 |              102 |              102 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              64 |    1911-10-29 |    1911-12-31 |          101 |              101 |              102 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              25 |    1912-10-03 |    1912-10-27 |          100 |              101 |              101 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              65 |    1912-10-28 |    1912-12-31 |          100 |              100 |              101 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              25 |    1913-10-03 |    1913-10-27 |           99 |              100 |              100 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              65 |    1913-10-28 |    1913-12-31 |           99 |               99 |              100 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              25 |    1914-10-03 |    1914-10-27 |           98 |               99 |               99 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              65 |    1914-10-28 |    1914-12-31 |           98 |               98 |               99 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              25 |    1915-10-03 |    1915-10-27 |           97 |               98 |               98 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              65 |    1915-10-28 |    1915-12-31 |           97 |               97 |               98 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              24 |    1916-10-03 |    1916-10-26 |           96 |               97 |               97 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              66 |    1916-10-27 |    1916-12-31 |           96 |               96 |               97 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              24 |    1917-10-03 |    1917-10-26 |           95 |               96 |               96 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              66 |    1917-10-27 |    1917-12-31 |           95 |               95 |               96 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              24 |    1918-10-03 |    1918-10-26 |           94 |               95 |               95 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              66 |    1918-10-27 |    1918-12-31 |           94 |               94 |               95 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              24 |    1919-10-03 |    1919-10-26 |           93 |               94 |               94 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              66 |    1919-10-27 |    1919-12-31 |           93 |               93 |               94 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              23 |    1920-10-03 |    1920-10-25 |           92 |               93 |               93 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              67 |    1920-10-26 |    1920-12-31 |           92 |               92 |               93 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              23 |    1921-10-03 |    1921-10-25 |           91 |               92 |               92 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              67 |    1921-10-26 |    1921-12-31 |           91 |               91 |               92 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              23 |    1922-10-03 |    1922-10-25 |           90 |               91 |               91 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              67 |    1922-10-26 |    1922-12-31 |           90 |               90 |               91 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              23 |    1923-10-03 |    1923-10-25 |           89 |               90 |               90 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              67 |    1923-10-26 |    1923-12-31 |           89 |               89 |               90 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              22 |    1924-10-03 |    1924-10-24 |           88 |               89 |               89 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              68 |    1924-10-25 |    1924-12-31 |           88 |               88 |               89 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              22 |    1925-10-03 |    1925-10-24 |           87 |               88 |               88 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              68 |    1925-10-25 |    1925-12-31 |           87 |               87 |               88 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              22 |    1926-10-03 |    1926-10-24 |           86 |               87 |               87 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              68 |    1926-10-25 |    1926-12-31 |           86 |               86 |               87 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              22 |    1927-10-03 |    1927-10-24 |           85 |               86 |               86 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              68 |    1927-10-25 |    1927-12-31 |           85 |               85 |               86 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              21 |    1928-10-03 |    1928-10-23 |           84 |               85 |               85 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              69 |    1928-10-24 |    1928-12-31 |           84 |               84 |               85 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              21 |    1929-10-03 |    1929-10-23 |           83 |               84 |               84 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              69 |    1929-10-24 |    1929-12-31 |           83 |               83 |               84 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              21 |    1930-10-03 |    1930-10-23 |           82 |               83 |               83 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              69 |    1930-10-24 |    1930-12-31 |           82 |               82 |               83 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              21 |    1931-10-03 |    1931-10-23 |           81 |               82 |               82 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              69 |    1931-10-24 |    1931-12-31 |           81 |               81 |               82 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              20 |    1932-10-03 |    1932-10-22 |           80 |               81 |               81 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              70 |    1932-10-23 |    1932-12-31 |           80 |               80 |               81 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              20 |    1933-10-03 |    1933-10-22 |           79 |               80 |               80 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              70 |    1933-10-23 |    1933-12-31 |           79 |               79 |               80 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              20 |    1934-10-03 |    1934-10-22 |           78 |               79 |               79 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              70 |    1934-10-23 |    1934-12-31 |           78 |               78 |               79 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              20 |    1935-10-03 |    1935-10-22 |           77 |               78 |               78 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              70 |    1935-10-23 |    1935-12-31 |           77 |               77 |               78 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              19 |    1936-10-03 |    1936-10-21 |           76 |               77 |               77 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              71 |    1936-10-22 |    1936-12-31 |           76 |               76 |               77 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              19 |    1937-10-03 |    1937-10-21 |           75 |               76 |               76 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              71 |    1937-10-22 |    1937-12-31 |           75 |               75 |               76 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              19 |    1938-10-03 |    1938-10-21 |           74 |               75 |               75 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              71 |    1938-10-22 |    1938-12-31 |           74 |               74 |               75 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              19 |    1939-10-03 |    1939-10-21 |           73 |               74 |               74 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              71 |    1939-10-22 |    1939-12-31 |           73 |               73 |               74 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              18 |    1940-10-03 |    1940-10-20 |           72 |               73 |               73 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              72 |    1940-10-21 |    1940-12-31 |           72 |               72 |               73 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              18 |    1941-10-03 |    1941-10-20 |           71 |               72 |               72 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              72 |    1941-10-21 |    1941-12-31 |           71 |               71 |               72 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              18 |    1942-10-03 |    1942-10-20 |           70 |               71 |               71 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              72 |    1942-10-21 |    1942-12-31 |           70 |               70 |               71 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              18 |    1943-10-03 |    1943-10-20 |           69 |               70 |               70 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              72 |    1943-10-21 |    1943-12-31 |           69 |               69 |               70 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              17 |    1944-10-03 |    1944-10-19 |           68 |               69 |               69 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              73 |    1944-10-20 |    1944-12-31 |           68 |               68 |               69 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              17 |    1945-10-03 |    1945-10-19 |           67 |               68 |               68 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              73 |    1945-10-20 |    1945-12-31 |           67 |               67 |               68 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              17 |    1946-10-03 |    1946-10-19 |           66 |               67 |               67 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              73 |    1946-10-20 |    1946-12-31 |           66 |               66 |               67 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              17 |    1947-10-03 |    1947-10-19 |           65 |               66 |               66 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              73 |    1947-10-20 |    1947-12-31 |           65 |               65 |               66 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              16 |    1948-10-03 |    1948-10-18 |           64 |               65 |               65 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              74 |    1948-10-19 |    1948-12-31 |           64 |               64 |               65 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              16 |    1949-10-03 |    1949-10-18 |           63 |               64 |               64 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              74 |    1949-10-19 |    1949-12-31 |           63 |               63 |               64 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              16 |    1950-10-03 |    1950-10-18 |           62 |               63 |               63 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              74 |    1950-10-19 |    1950-12-31 |           62 |               62 |               63 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              16 |    1951-10-03 |    1951-10-18 |           61 |               62 |               62 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              74 |    1951-10-19 |    1951-12-31 |           61 |               61 |               62 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              15 |    1952-10-03 |    1952-10-17 |           60 |               61 |               61 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              75 |    1952-10-18 |    1952-12-31 |           60 |               60 |               61 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              15 |    1953-10-03 |    1953-10-17 |           59 |               60 |               60 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              75 |    1953-10-18 |    1953-12-31 |           59 |               59 |               60 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              15 |    1954-10-03 |    1954-10-17 |           58 |               59 |               59 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              75 |    1954-10-18 |    1954-12-31 |           58 |               58 |               59 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              15 |    1955-10-03 |    1955-10-17 |           57 |               58 |               58 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              75 |    1955-10-18 |    1955-12-31 |           57 |               57 |               58 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              14 |    1956-10-03 |    1956-10-16 |           56 |               57 |               57 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              76 |    1956-10-17 |    1956-12-31 |           56 |               56 |               57 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              14 |    1957-10-03 |    1957-10-16 |           55 |               56 |               56 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              76 |    1957-10-17 |    1957-12-31 |           55 |               55 |               56 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              14 |    1958-10-03 |    1958-10-16 |           54 |               55 |               55 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              76 |    1958-10-17 |    1958-12-31 |           54 |               54 |               55 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              14 |    1959-10-03 |    1959-10-16 |           53 |               54 |               54 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              76 |    1959-10-17 |    1959-12-31 |           53 |               53 |               54 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              13 |    1960-10-03 |    1960-10-15 |           52 |               53 |               53 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              77 |    1960-10-16 |    1960-12-31 |           52 |               52 |               53 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              13 |    1961-10-03 |    1961-10-15 |           51 |               52 |               52 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              77 |    1961-10-16 |    1961-12-31 |           51 |               51 |               52 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              13 |    1962-10-03 |    1962-10-15 |           50 |               51 |               51 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              77 |    1962-10-16 |    1962-12-31 |           50 |               50 |               51 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              13 |    1963-10-03 |    1963-10-15 |           49 |               50 |               50 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              77 |    1963-10-16 |    1963-12-31 |           49 |               49 |               50 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              12 |    1964-10-03 |    1964-10-14 |           48 |               49 |               49 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              78 |    1964-10-15 |    1964-12-31 |           48 |               48 |               49 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              12 |    1965-10-03 |    1965-10-14 |           47 |               48 |               48 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              78 |    1965-10-15 |    1965-12-31 |           47 |               47 |               48 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              12 |    1966-10-03 |    1966-10-14 |           46 |               47 |               47 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              78 |    1966-10-15 |    1966-12-31 |           46 |               46 |               47 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              12 |    1967-10-03 |    1967-10-14 |           45 |               46 |               46 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              78 |    1967-10-15 |    1967-12-31 |           45 |               45 |               46 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              11 |    1968-10-03 |    1968-10-13 |           44 |               45 |               45 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              79 |    1968-10-14 |    1968-12-31 |           44 |               44 |               45 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              11 |    1969-10-03 |    1969-10-13 |           43 |               44 |               44 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              79 |    1969-10-14 |    1969-12-31 |           43 |               43 |               44 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              11 |    1970-10-03 |    1970-10-13 |           42 |               43 |               43 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              79 |    1970-10-14 |    1970-12-31 |           42 |               42 |               43 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              11 |    1971-10-03 |    1971-10-13 |           41 |               42 |               42 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              79 |    1971-10-14 |    1971-12-31 |           41 |               41 |               42 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              10 |    1972-10-03 |    1972-10-12 |           40 |               41 |               41 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              80 |    1972-10-13 |    1972-12-31 |           40 |               40 |               41 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              10 |    1973-10-03 |    1973-10-12 |           39 |               40 |               40 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              80 |    1973-10-13 |    1973-12-31 |           39 |               39 |               40 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              10 |    1974-10-03 |    1974-10-12 |           38 |               39 |               39 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              80 |    1974-10-13 |    1974-12-31 |           38 |               38 |               39 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              10 |    1975-10-03 |    1975-10-12 |           37 |               38 |               38 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              80 |    1975-10-13 |    1975-12-31 |           37 |               37 |               38 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               9 |    1976-10-03 |    1976-10-11 |           36 |               37 |               37 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              81 |    1976-10-12 |    1976-12-31 |           36 |               36 |               37 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               9 |    1977-10-03 |    1977-10-11 |           35 |               36 |               36 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              81 |    1977-10-12 |    1977-12-31 |           35 |               35 |               36 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               9 |    1978-10-03 |    1978-10-11 |           34 |               35 |               35 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              81 |    1978-10-12 |    1978-12-31 |           34 |               34 |               35 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               9 |    1979-10-03 |    1979-10-11 |           33 |               34 |               34 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              81 |    1979-10-12 |    1979-12-31 |           33 |               33 |               34 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               8 |    1980-10-03 |    1980-10-10 |           32 |               33 |               33 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              82 |    1980-10-11 |    1980-12-31 |           32 |               32 |               33 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               8 |    1981-10-03 |    1981-10-10 |           31 |               32 |               32 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              82 |    1981-10-11 |    1981-12-31 |           31 |               31 |               32 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               8 |    1982-10-03 |    1982-10-10 |           30 |               31 |               31 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              82 |    1982-10-11 |    1982-12-31 |           30 |               30 |               31 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               8 |    1983-10-03 |    1983-10-10 |           29 |               30 |               30 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              82 |    1983-10-11 |    1983-12-31 |           29 |               29 |               30 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               7 |    1984-10-03 |    1984-10-09 |           28 |               29 |               29 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              83 |    1984-10-10 |    1984-12-31 |           28 |               28 |               29 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               7 |    1985-10-03 |    1985-10-09 |           27 |               28 |               28 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              83 |    1985-10-10 |    1985-12-31 |           27 |               27 |               28 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               7 |    1986-10-03 |    1986-10-09 |           26 |               27 |               27 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              83 |    1986-10-10 |    1986-12-31 |           26 |               26 |               27 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               7 |    1987-10-03 |    1987-10-09 |           25 |               26 |               26 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              83 |    1987-10-10 |    1987-12-31 |           25 |               25 |               26 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               6 |    1988-10-03 |    1988-10-08 |           24 |               25 |               25 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              84 |    1988-10-09 |    1988-12-31 |           24 |               24 |               25 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               6 |    1989-10-03 |    1989-10-08 |           23 |               24 |               24 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              84 |    1989-10-09 |    1989-12-31 |           23 |               23 |               24 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               6 |    1990-10-03 |    1990-10-08 |           22 |               23 |               23 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              84 |    1990-10-09 |    1990-12-31 |           22 |               22 |               23 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               6 |    1991-10-03 |    1991-10-08 |           21 |               22 |               22 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              84 |    1991-10-09 |    1991-12-31 |           21 |               21 |               22 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               5 |    1992-10-03 |    1992-10-07 |           20 |               21 |               21 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              85 |    1992-10-08 |    1992-12-31 |           20 |               20 |               21 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               5 |    1993-10-03 |    1993-10-07 |           19 |               20 |               20 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              85 |    1993-10-08 |    1993-12-31 |           19 |               19 |               20 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               5 |    1994-10-03 |    1994-10-07 |           18 |               19 |               19 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              85 |    1994-10-08 |    1994-12-31 |           18 |               18 |               19 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               5 |    1995-10-03 |    1995-10-07 |           17 |               18 |               18 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              85 |    1995-10-08 |    1995-12-31 |           17 |               17 |               18 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               4 |    1996-10-03 |    1996-10-06 |           16 |               17 |               17 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              86 |    1996-10-07 |    1996-12-31 |           16 |               16 |               17 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               4 |    1997-10-03 |    1997-10-06 |           15 |               16 |               16 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              86 |    1997-10-07 |    1997-12-31 |           15 |               15 |               16 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               4 |    1998-10-03 |    1998-10-06 |           14 |               15 |               15 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              86 |    1998-10-07 |    1998-12-31 |           14 |               14 |               15 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               4 |    1999-10-03 |    1999-10-06 |           13 |               14 |               14 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              86 |    1999-10-07 |    1999-12-31 |           13 |               13 |               14 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               3 |    2000-10-03 |    2000-10-05 |           12 |               13 |               13 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              87 |    2000-10-06 |    2000-12-31 |           12 |               12 |               13 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               3 |    2001-10-03 |    2001-10-05 |           11 |               12 |               12 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              87 |    2001-10-06 |    2001-12-31 |           11 |               11 |               12 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               3 |    2002-10-03 |    2002-10-05 |           10 |               11 |               11 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              87 |    2002-10-06 |    2002-12-31 |           10 |               10 |               11 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               3 |    2003-10-03 |    2003-10-05 |            9 |               10 |               10 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              87 |    2003-10-06 |    2003-12-31 |            9 |                9 |               10 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               2 |    2004-10-03 |    2004-10-04 |            8 |                9 |                9 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              88 |    2004-10-05 |    2004-12-31 |            8 |                8 |                9 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               2 |    2005-10-03 |    2005-10-04 |            7 |                8 |                8 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              88 |    2005-10-05 |    2005-12-31 |            7 |                7 |                8 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               2 |    2006-10-03 |    2006-10-04 |            6 |                7 |                7 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              88 |    2006-10-05 |    2006-12-31 |            6 |                6 |                7 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               2 |    2007-10-03 |    2007-10-04 |            5 |                6 |                6 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              88 |    2007-10-05 |    2007-12-31 |            5 |                5 |                6 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               1 |    2008-10-03 |    2008-10-03 |            4 |                5 |                5 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              89 |    2008-10-04 |    2008-12-31 |            4 |                4 |                5 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               1 |    2009-10-03 |    2009-10-03 |            3 |                4 |                4 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              89 |    2009-10-04 |    2009-12-31 |            3 |                3 |                4 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               1 |    2010-10-03 |    2010-10-03 |            2 |                3 |                3 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              89 |    2010-10-04 |    2010-12-31 |            2 |                2 |                3 |
    | 2013-10-02 |               1 |    2011-10-03 |    2011-10-03 |            1 |                2 |                2 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              89 |    2011-10-04 |    2011-12-31 |            1 |                1 |                2 |
    | 2013-10-02 |              90 |    2012-10-03 |    2012-12-31 |            0 |                0 |                1 |

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Demonstrated by recursive CTE here:  http://sqlfiddle.com/#!3/a6491/4

 
3
Comment
Author:PortletPaul
  • 2
4 Comments
 
LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:aikimark
1. rather than getdate(), a stored proc should accept both birthdate and AgeOnDate parameters.

2. I've run some tests in the Access environment and the performance of the Case statement can be improved if you convert the month and day of both the birthdate and the AgeOnDate with the Month() and Day() functions, multiplying the Month() result by 100 and adding the Day() result.  You can use the comparison as part of your year difference calculation.  I even ditched the DateDiff() function for a subtraction of the two Year() functions.

3. It would be helpful to your reader if you explained how the DateDiff() function works in general.  This will help your reader understand the function's use and applicability in context.
0
 
LVL 55

Expert Comment

by:Vitor Montalvão
@PortletPaul,
Can you explain what each field means? Because for your example I would say that Unreliable ages are both correct but reliable age it isn't.
0
 
LVL 50

Author Comment

by:PortletPaul
Oracle syntax
select
      CustomerID
    , DOB
    , VisitDate
    , EXTRACT(YEAR FROM VisitDate) - EXTRACT(YEAR FROM dob)
        - ( CASE
               WHEN EXTRACT(MONTH FROM dob) > EXTRACT(MONTH FROM VisitDate)
                 OR ( EXTRACT(MONTH FROM dob) = EXTRACT(MONTH FROM VisitDate) 
                    AND EXTRACT(DAY FROM dob) > EXTRACT(DAY FROM VisitDate) 
                    )
               THEN 1
               ELSE 0
             END )    AS age_at_visit
from sample

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0
 
LVL 47

Expert Comment

by:aikimark
@PortletPaul

This question is in the SQL Server zone.  You just posted "Oracle syntax".  Is this an Oracle question?
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