This article will explain how to establish a SSH connection to Ubuntu through the firewall and using a different port other then 22. I have set up a Ubuntu virtual machine in Virtualbox and I am running a Windows 7 workstation.
From the Ubuntu virtual machine open the Terminal:
First you will need to install the SSH:
sudo apt-get install openssh-server
Will change the connection port:
sudo gedit /etc/ssh/sshd_config
Now save the file.
Under #What ports, IPs and protocols we listen for
Since I configure this already I am providing the screenshot of the sshd_config file by using the grep command -A1 tells grep to include 1 line after the match. -B1 includes lines before the match.
****I am using this port as an example.*****
In order for changes to take, you have to restart the ssh service.
sudo restart ssh
Check to see if the firewall is installed
dpkg --get-selections ufw
If it is then your output would look like this:
If it is not installed perform this action:
sudo apt-get install ufw
Now enable the ufw:
sudo ufw enable
Next we are going to allow the workstation access to 56628 port from the IP address.
Press the windows key + r and type cmd and press Enter. This will bring up the command prompt. Now type ipconfig /all and locate the IP address of the workstation.
On the Ubuntu virtual machine from the Terminal type:
sudo ufw allow from <The IP address you just located on the windows workstation> to any port 56628
sudo ufw allow from 10.0.11.192 to any port 56628
Press enter and now you can see that entry in the firewall by typing
sudo ufw status
The entry would look along the lines of this
To Action From
-- ---------- --------
56628 ALLOW 10.0.11.192
Here is my example of this status of the firewall and the allowed ssh rule and Port.
Now find the IP address of the Ubuntu workstation from the terminal. Type
We are going to need to install Putty on the Windows workstation Here the link
. Once Putty is installed you need the IP address that you obtained from the Ubuntu virtual environment. Place it in the HostName and the Port 56628 in Port location. Make sure SSH is selected and click open. Once a connection is established you will be prompted for Username then your password. Now you have made a successful SSH connection using a different port number then 22.