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Pass Tables to Stored Procedure / Table Valued Parameter

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     When we have to pass multiple rows of data to SQL Server, the developers either have to send one row at a time or come up with other workarounds to meet requirements like using XML to pass data, which is complex and tedious to use. There is a SQLBulkCopy object available in .NET to send multiple rows of data to SQL Server at once, but this still cannot be passed to a stored procedure. SQL Server 2008 provides a new feature called "Table-Valued Parameters". This provides us the ability to easily pass a table to a stored procedure from T-SQL code or from an application as a parameter.

Table-Valued Parameters

SQL Server 2008 Provides a New Feature Called Table-Valued Parameters
This provides us to easily pass a table to a stored procedure from T-SQL code or from an application as a parameter.
We first need to create a user defined type

Database Node > Programmability > Types > User-Defined Table Types

  Database Node > Programmability > Types > User-Defined Table Types

Script to create a User-Defined Table type
--Create User-defined Table Type
                       CREATE TYPE dbo.MessageQueue AS TABLE 
                       (
                          id int PRIMARY KEY, 
                          MessageType varchar(20) NOT NULL,  
                          MessageContent varchar(1000) NOT NULL,
                          PushDate datetime NOT NULL DEFAULT GETDATE()
                       )
                       GO
                       
                       --Using the User-Defined Table Type
                       DECLARE @MyMessageQueue MessageQueue
                       
                       INSERT INTO @MyMessageQueue(id ,MessageType,MessageContent,PushDate)
                       VALUES (1,'SMS','Hello World','2009-09-30 10:00:00'),
                                (2,'SMS','Hello World','2009-09-30 10:00:00'),
                                (3,'MMS','Happy Diwali','2009-10-17 10:00:00')
                       
                       -- Select the inserted records using new type
                       SELECT * FROM @MyMessageQueue 
                      

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Using the Variable as a Parameter
The benefit of User-Defined Table Type is that it can be passed to a stored procedure. Below is an example of using the newly created type with stored procedure using the user defined table type in Stored Procedure
CREATE TABLE [dbo].[MyMessageTable] 
                       (
                       id [int] PRIMARY KEY,
                       MessageType varchar(20) NULL,
                       MessageContent varchar(1000) NOT NULL,
                       PushDate datetime NULL,
                       EngineID int  NOT NULL
                       ) 
                       GO
                       
                       CREATE PROCEDURE usp_InsertMessages 
                       @MyParameter MessageQueue READONLY,
                       @EngineId varchar(20)
                        AS
                       INSERT INTO MyMessageTable(id,MessageType,MessageContent,PushDate,EngineID)
                       
                       SELECT id,MessageType,MessageContent,PushDate,@EngineId
                       FROM @MyParameter 
                       
                       --<where condition if any> for the table valued parameter
                       
                       GO
                       
                       --Using the User-Defined Table Type in stored procedure
                       
                       DECLARE @MyMessageQueue MessageQueue
                       
                       INSERT INTO @MyMessageQueue(id ,MessageType,MessageContent,PushDate)
                       VALUES (1,'SMS','Hello World','2009-09-30 10:00:00'),
                                (2,'SMS','Hello World','2009-09-30 10:00:00'),
                                (3,'MMS','Happy Diwali','2009-10-17 10:00:00')
                       
                       EXEC usp_InsertMessages @MyMessageQueue,007
                       
                       -- Select the records inserted using Stored procedure
                       SELECT * FROM MyMessageTable 
                      

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  MyMessageTable
In order to use the user defined type user must have execute permission on the type. if user doesn't have execute permission on the same,it can be granted using below statement:
GRANT EXECUTE ON TYPE::dbo.MessageQueue TO <User Name>;
                      

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