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.NET AJAX callbacks to ASPX Pages

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ASP.NET AJAX callbacks to web service are becoming very popular and unavoidable these days. The feel that the user gets when only a part of the page is updated without even hindering the UI is the advantage that the callbacks offer. The wait for the full page to be posted back and results to appear is reduced thereby keeping a rich user experience. In some situations you would not want to expose the arguments and the methods it supports to the public through the ASMX file. This will require you to move the logic to specific ASPX files or inside the inherited base class. Specifically, this is the most important reason which, I feel, would require you to move web methods to ASPX pages.

Both ASP.NET AJAX Extensions and ASP.NET 3.5 support AJAX callbacks to the web methods placed in ASPX pages or the inherited base class. The following are the steps involved, and we will use a fictitious routine "GetEmployees" to exemplify what we are doing.

The first step is to expose GetEmployees as a web method.

 
1: public partial class Employees : System.Web.UI.Page
2: {
3: [WebMethod]
4: [ScriptMethod]
5: public static List<Employees> GetEmployees(string dept)
6: {
7:   // logic to get the Employee list
8: }

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Important points to be noted :

1. The method needs to be decorated with [WebMethod]
2. The method needs to be decorated with [ScriptMethod] to enable callback
3. The method MUST be static

Go to ScriptManager tag and set the ScriptManager.EnablePageMethods property to true. This will make all the web methods on this page visible to the JavaScript client. Without enabling the EnablePageMethods property the webmethods will not be available in the client side. So always pay a keen attention to enable it.

 
1: <asp:ScriptManager ID=”ScriptManager1” runat=”server” EnablePageMethods=”true” />

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Finally, Change the JavaScript code to call the method through the PageMethods object instead of the Web Service.The transport of data to the client side can be in XML, JSON, String etc. I would recommend using JSON because it is light weight, fast and can be implemented with ease. When I say transport of data it is actually the result from the GetEmployees() function which we have marked as the WebMethod. when using JSON also pay a little care to the eval() which is known to cause XSS issues.

 
1: function GetEmployees ()
2: {
3:     PageMethods. GetEmployees(dept ,OnSucceeded);
4: }
5:
6: function OnSucceeded (result)
7: {
8:     // logic to display the result
9: }

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 Happy coding :)
2
Comment
Author:masterpass
3 Comments
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:doramail05
when placing webmethod script in a webpage, this webpage has to host in iis in a separate virtual directory
OR just add new item (Web Service) within the project?
0
 
LVL 21

Author Comment

by:masterpass
No need to add a new item to your project if you are going with pageMethods .. you can just add this in the code behind of the aspx file
0
 

Expert Comment

by:nicedone
I get an error in my code below altough i took what you mentioned as a reference can u help me on where i made my mistake on?

@masterpass

you said

one thing that wont work in your code is System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Response.Write("CAME TO WEB METHOD?");

but i still get undefined error altough i took your reference as a guide so what should i do ?

    protected void Repeater1_ItemCommand(object source, RepeaterCommandEventArgs e)
    {
        if (e.CommandName == "Delete")
        {
            string hasta_adi = e.CommandArgument.ToString();
            
            // Write code to delete data from SQL
            // if this patient will be deleted what should be done is 
            //\\//\\//\\//\\//\\//\\//\\\//\\/\\/\\/\/\/\/\/
            bool i = checkpatientexists(hasta_adi);

            //if i is true that means operations exist with this patient ,warn the user again 
            //if user confirms again then proceed with deletion. !!!

         if (i == true)
         {
          // System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Response.Write("<SCRIPT LANGUAGE=JavaScript> if(confirm('Hastaya ait operasyon(lar) bulunmaktadir gene de silmek istiyor musunuz?')==true){document.writeln('true');}else{document.writeln('false')}</SCRIPT>");
         
             Button btnDelete = e.Item.FindControl("btnDelete") as Button;

         // btnDelete.Attributes.Add("onclick", "return confirm('Hastaya ait operasyon(lar) bulunmaktadir gene de silmek istiyor musunuz?')");
         //  System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Response.Write("<SCRIPT LANGUAGE=JavaScript> confirm('Hastaya ait Operasyonlar bulunmaktadir...'+ btnDelete.CommandArgument.ToString()) </SCRIPT>");
         //  Response.Write("pressed OK");
          
          // System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Response.Write("<SCRIPT LANGUAGE=JavaScript> alert('Hit OK')</SCRIPT>");

          System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Response.Write("<SCRIPT LANGUAGE=JavaScript> if(confirm('Hastaya ait Operasyonlar bulunmaktadir ==>>" + btnDelete.CommandArgument.ToString() + "')==true){ PageMethods.M1(); };</SCRIPT>");
             
         //System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Response.Write("<SCRIPT LANGUAGE=JavaScript> confirm('" + btnDelete.CommandArgument.ToString() + "'adli hastaya ait operasyon(lar) bulunmaktadir...');</SCRIPT>");
         }
        }
    }
    [System.Web.Services.WebMethod]
    [ScriptMethod]
    public static void  M1()
    {
       // System.Web.HttpContext.Current.Response.Write("CAME TO WEB METHOD?");
        string s = "Fatih Dikili";

        //return Class1.M2();
    }

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