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# How to calculate Duration from text and number cell value

I Love Challenges in MS-Excel
Where there is a will there are many ways. Finding one that works for you is the challenge!
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When you see single cell contains number and text, and you have to get any date out of it seems like cracking our heads.

I was attending to one of MS-Excel question here on EE and found this question very interesting and challenging, thought I should share with every one for future reference.

Suppose you have a cell value "10d, 10h, 10m, 10s" in A2, like below image:

from above value you need to calculate a date & time from today's date & time like below image:

Lets find out by following steps:

1. First lets remove all text contents of the cell by using Substitute Formula, we have to use this formula 4 times to remove 4 texts like d, h, m, s like below image:

2. Now we need to split all numbers after each commas. There are many formulas to do that, but I am using very useful function, which I found on some site. Below is the function I used:

```Function FindWord(Source As String, Position As Integer)
Dim arr() As String
arr = VBA.Split(Source, ",") 'Change the string which suits you
xCount = UBound(arr)
If xCount < 1 Or (Position - 1) > xCount Or Position < 0 Then
FindWord = "," 'Change the string which suits you
Else
FindWord = arr(Position - 1)
End If
End Function```

Using above function, I am gonning to split days, hours, mins and seconds in 4 different columns like below image:

You would have seen, I have changed the last number to split as per appearance of commas.

3. Now the tricky steps, in this step we need to split our process but end result should be combined.a) Lets get the date part first, I need to find what would be the date 10 days earlier to today, as per our above calculation, very simple, I will just use below formula:

b) Now I need to find what would be the date 10 days after today, as per our above calculation, same steps like 3.a) instead of deducting, I am adding below:

You may change the date format as you like by replacing "mm/dd/yy"

c) Now lets do the same for Time, I need to find what would be the time 10 hours, 10 mins & 10 seconds earlier to current time:

d) Now I need to find what would be the time 10 hours, 10 mins & 10 seconds after current time:

Here also you may change the time format as you like by replacing "hh:mm:ss AM/PM" for 12 hours or "hh:mm:ss" for 24 hours time format.

4. You might be wondering, I would have merged both date & time formula to get in one cell, honestly, I was not sure, I will be able to get the right output :). Anyway this is what I am gonna do in this step to combine date & time:

Start Date & Time

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It also provides me with positive feedback in the form. Thanks!

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I Love Challenges in MS-Excel
Where there is a will there are many ways. Finding one that works for you is the challenge!

#### Comments (9)

Commented:
Thanks for making it so easy to understand!

Commented:
Wow! This is impressive and so clear to understand. Thank you for sharing your invaluable knowledge :)

Commented:
A simple and excellent solution of the complicated question. Well done Mr.Shums :-)

Commented:
This is an excellent article. I appreciate you taking the time to write this.

Commented:
Thanks for taking the time to post this in such detail. Appreciate it.

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