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In this article we will see what is logical operator and how we use them in Python programming.

Logical Operators in Python - by Swadhin Ray

**Logical Operators:**

There are basically three types of logical operators as below:

- And
- Or
- Not

There above operators semantics or meaning is the same as their meaning in English. To demonstrate we can take one simple example like a number can be greater then 2 and less then 5, so if we consider this example then we know that there could be only two possible numbers comes in between i.e. 3 and 4. So now let us run this example and verify the results by passing different numbers.

```
my_input = raw_input("Input any number less than 10 >>>")
print("Number entered was ") + my_input
my_input = int(my_input)
if (my_input > 2 and my_input < 5):
result = True
else:
result = False
print result
```

We have entered say 3 then the output of the above code will print as "True" because the condition satisfies that the passed number is greater than 2 and less than 3. The above code is a simple example of how to use **"AND" **logical operators in Python.

```
Input any number less than 10 >>> 3
Number entered was 3 True
```

Now let us take similar example passing the same number as 3 but using "**OR" **condition stating can be less then 2 or less then 5 if any one of the condition matches then the result should be true.

```
my_input = raw_input("Input any number less than 10 >>>")
print("Number entered was ") + my_input
my_input = int(my_input)
if (my_input < 2 or my_input < 5):
result = True
else:
result = False
print result
```

Below is the result when we passed "3" using OR logical operator to the conditions.

```
Input any number less than 10 >>> 3
Number entered was 3
True
```

And below if the False output as 6 does not fall under any criteria.

```
Input any number less than 10 >>> 6
Number entered was 6
False
```

Now let us take an example on how to use **"Not"** logical operators. Say we have a result from some output and now our variable contains the value as 4 and let's call the variable name as "abc".

Below is my condition to validate if the value from "abc" is present in the list?

```
abc = 4
if abc not in [3,7,5] :
print("condition met")
else:
print("condition not met")
```

Result as below.

```
condition met
```

Now we know how to use logical operators in Python programming. This is a basic explanation on how to use **Logical Operators** in **Python programming language**.

Thank you for reading my article, please feel free to leave me some feedback or to suggest any future topics.

I'll be looking forward to hearing from you – Swadhin Ray (Sloba)

For more information about me, please check out my Experts Exchange Profile page.

*Edited by: Andrew Leniart*

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