Two-way Password Synchronization from one Active Directory Domain to another using DSInternals

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Shaun Vermaak
My name is Shaun Vermaak and I have always been fascinated with technology and how we use it to enhance our lives and business.
This article shows a process of synchronizing password from on Active Directory domain to another, even if in another forest


Password synchronization is crucial during co-exists of Active Directory domains. Syncronising password allows users to seamlessly log into the new environment. Password synchronization is a feature that most migration suites offer, usually at a pretty penny.

I have used DSInternals for various tasks when I have my security hat on, and one of those processes is detailed in my previous article. 

How to extract hashes from IFM backup


It is a fantastic Powershell library by Michael Grafnetter and should be part of your toolset if you do IT security for your profession.

My Approach

I have previously done this with ADMT to do the initial password migration and FIM 2010 R2 to keep passwords in sync.

Another way is to use DSInternals and extract the hash from the source domain then set it on the target domain.

Below is a Powershell script I have put together. Note that I have purposefully left out function/parameters/checking if the hash is current etc. to hopefully promote collaboration on the repo.

Please see the comments inside the script for an explanation of each step. In short, it gets hashes from the source domain and based on a group, sets it on the appropriate users.

Install-Module -Name DSInternals

# Create your credentials with these commands
# $credential = Get-Credential;
# $credential | Export-CliXml -Path 'C:\Temp\cred.xml';

# Configure your Source Domain configuration
$sourceDomainNetBIOS       = 'Domain1';
$sourceDomainFQDN          = 'Domain1.com';
$sourceDomainDN            = 'DC=Domain1,DC=com';
$sourceDomainCredential    = Import-CliXml -Path 'C:\Temp\Domain1.xml';

# Configure your Target Domain configuration
$targetDomainNetBIOS       = 'Domain2';
$targetDomainFQDN          = 'Domain2.com';
$targetDomainDN            = 'DC=Domain2,DC=com';
$targetDomainCredential    = Import-CliXml -Path 'C:\Temp\Domain2.xml';
$syncGroup                 = 'Some Group';

# Get Source Domain hashes
$hashes = Get-ADReplAccount -All -NamingContext $sourceDomainDN -Server $sourceDomainFQDN -Credential $sourceDomainCredential;

# The group of users to sync passwords for
$users = Get-ADGroupMember $syncGroup -server $targetDomainFQDN -Credential $targetDomainCredential;

# Loop through these users
foreach ($user in $users)
# Get the hash of the user in the hashes collection
$currentUserHash = $hashes | ? {$_.saMAccountName -eq $user.SamAccountName};

# Convert hash to string
$NTHash = ([System.BitConverter]::ToString($currentUserHash.NTHash) -replace '-','').ToLower();

# Set target domain password to the source domain hash
Set-SamAccountPasswordHash -SamAccountName $user.SamAccountName -Domain $targetDomainNetBIOS -NTHash $NTHash -Server $targetDomainFQDN -Credential $targetDomainCredential;

You can also clone it if you prefer

git clone https://svermaak@bitbucket.org/snippets/svermaak/kezMGE/password-sync.git

If you prefer to do two-way password sync, use the following script

Install-Module -Name DSInternals -Confirm:$false -Force

# Create your credentials with these commands
# $credential = Get-Credential;
# $credential | Export-CliXml -Path 'C:\Temp\cred.xml';

# Configure Domain 1
$domain1NetBIOS                     = 'Domain1';
$domain1FQDN                        = 'Domain1.com';
$domain1DN                          = 'DC=Domain1,DC=com';
$domain1Credential                  = Import-CliXml -Path 'C:\Temp\Domain1.xml';
$domain1Hashes                      = Get-ADReplAccount -All -NamingContext $domain1DN -Server $domain1FQDN -Credential $domain1Credential;

# Configure Domain 2
$domain2NetBIOS                     = 'Domain2';
$domain2FQDN                        = 'Domain2.com';
$domain2DN                          = 'DC=Domain2,DC=com';
$domain2Credential                  = Import-CliXml -Path 'C:\Temp\Domain2.xml';
$domain2Hashes                      = Get-ADReplAccount -All -NamingContext $domain2DN -Server $domain2FQDN -Credential $domain2Credential;

# The group of users to sync passwords for
$syncGroup                          = 'SG-PasswordSync';

# Loop through these users
$users = Get-ADGroupMember $syncGroup -server $domain1FQDN -Credential $domain1Credential;
foreach ($user in $users)
# Get the current user's hashes in both domain 1 and 2
$currentDomain1UserHash = $domain1Hashes | ? {$_.saMAccountName -eq $user.SamAccountName};
$currentDomain2UserHash = $domain2Hashes | ? {$_.saMAccountName -eq $user.SamAccountName};

# Get the current user's NT Hash in both domain 1 and 2
$currentDomain1UserNTHash = ([System.BitConverter]::ToString($currentDomain1UserHash.NTHash) -replace '-','').ToLower();
$currentDomain2UserNTHash = ([System.BitConverter]::ToString($currentDomain2UserHash.NTHash) -replace '-','').ToLower();

# Check if hashes are different AKA the account password is out-of-sync
if ($currentDomain1UserNTHash -ne $currentDomain2UserNTHash)
# Get user object in both domain 1 and 2
$domain1User = Get-ADUser -Identity $user.SamAccountName -Properties "pwdLastSet" -Server $domain1FQDN -Credential $domain1Credential;
$domain2User = Get-ADUser -Identity $user.SamAccountName -Properties "pwdLastSet" -Server $domain2FQDN -Credential $domain2Credential;

# Only continue if both users exists
if ($domain1User -ne $Null -and $domain2User -ne $Null)
# Domain 1 password is more recent
if ($domain1User.pwdLastSet -gt $domain2User.pwdLastSet)
Write-Host "Sync user '$($user.SamAccountName)' password from domain 1 to domain 2";
Set-SamAccountPasswordHash -SamAccountName $user.SamAccountName -Domain $domain2NetBIOS -NTHash $currentDomain1UserNTHash -Server $domain2FQDN -Credential $domain2Credential;
# Domain 2 password is more recent
elseif ($domain2User.pwdLastSet -gt $domain1User.pwdLastSet)
Write-Host "Sync user '$($user.SamAccountName)' password from domain 2 to domain 1";
Set-SamAccountPasswordHash -SamAccountName $user.SamAccountName -Domain $domain1NetBIOS -NTHash $currentDomain2UserNTHash -Server $domain1FQDN -Credential $domain1Credential;
Write-Host "User '$($user.SamAccountName)' passwords are the same, no need to sync";

I hope you found this tutorial useful. You are encouraged to ask questions, report any bugs or make any other comments about it below.


Note: If you need further "Support" about this topic, please consider using the Ask a Question feature of Experts Exchange. I monitor questions asked and would be pleased to provide any additional support required in questions asked in this manner, along with other EE experts...  


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