Different modes of Proxy server

What’s a web proxy server?

A proxy server is a server that goes between clients and web servers, used in corporate to enforce corporate browsing policy and ensure security. Proxy servers are commonly used in three modes.

A)    Forward proxy

Forward proxy is the most commonly used type of proxy servers. Clients from intranet request access the web server in internet through a forward proxy server. Proxy can be used to filter clients from accessing illegitimate and malicious web contents.

Advantages of forward proxies are

     1)     Enhanced privacy and security
     2)     Increased performance because of caching
     3)     Reduce internet bandwidth usage
     4)     Enforce corporate internet policies using ACL’s
     5)     Anti-malware and Anti-virus infections

  Forward proxy Arch
    B)    Reverse proxy

Reverse proxy is commonly used in web farms. The response to the client is returned as if it came directly from the proxy server. Advantages of reverse proxy in server farm are as below.

     1)     Load balancing of web servers
     2)     Caching
     3)     Compression
     4)     Firewall
     5)     SSL offloading
  Reverse proxy Arch
      C)    Transparent proxy

A transparent proxy server is a proxy server configured in such a way that no client side (browser side) configuration is required. The www requests are intercepted at network level by making used of WCCP protocol or route map in network switches and forward the browsing request to proxy server.  Transparent proxies are mostly used in ISP’s to reduce the bandwidth usage by making use of content caching feature in proxy.

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