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What files for RedHat and Debian??

ReDMercurY asked
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2013-12-15
What are the exact files i need for debian and redhat? and how do i use them??
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Well, it depends what you want to _do_ with debian
and redhat.  If you have an existing Linux installation (sounds like you don't) you should
(actually you have to) reinstall from scratch to
one of the two.  A basic system consists of the
base system (kernel, binaries, devices, basic
sysadmin stuff) and most peaple like to have
X11 (window system), networking (or at least
components for PPP/SLIP dialup connections),
games (Doom II, etc) as well as applications
that make using unix more productive (a file
manager, editors, graphics packages, etc).

All of these components (besides the base or
core system) are optional to have a running
Unix on your desktop (or deskside) - you can
basically mix and match and install what you
want/need.  Perhaps the best way to get an
idea of this is to look at the slackware
distribution (a dist. is simply a collection
of these different options put together  by
different folks in ways they feel provide a
flexible and useable system - there are many
ways to do this, just as each "Windows" user
may have their own colour and setup scheme,
although these distributions cover the system
software itself, not just the colour of your
window borders :-) which is broken up into sets
with a description of each set:
A      base system (very basic)
AP      basic applications + add ons
D      program development (compliers)
E      GNU Emacs (advanced editor)
F      FAQs + docs
K      kernel sources
N      networking
Q      extra kernels
TCL      Tcl scripting language
Y      Games
X      X11 base system (for windowing)
XAP      X11 apps
XD      X11 development (libs)
XV      XView (graphics)
T      TeX (document layout/typesetting)

Say you have a home machine and want to install
and learn about Linux (or Unix in general).
You get A, AP, F, X, XAP and maybe Y (;-)),
install and you have a Linux system running
Unix with X Windows, and all the docs you can
read. Later you want to try to write programs,
you grab sets D & XD and start hacking :-)

So by "exact files" you need for redhat and
debian, as I said before, it depends!

How you use them:

If you want to try out linux use your web broser
to search for minilinux or buy (borrow) a
Linux CD-ROM (if you have a CD in our PC).

Minilinux is a tiny Linux version (i.e. complete
Unix + X Windows) that installs onto your
existing DOS disk & filesystem. Fits on 5
floppies and is enough to get a feel of
what Linux is and try things out.  Or you
might try a "live" CD-ROM (a CD you can run
Linux directly from) for the same thing (try
it out).  If it's something you want to get
more serious with, you'll need to give it
some hard disk space (it's own partition or
it's own disk, either is fine) and make a
few "startup" floppies to install the system
and the rest is basically folling the instructions
on your screen and rebooting when it's finished
(not much harder than Win95 install, and crashes
less often :-).

As for what you can do with Linux ("how do I use them), you can do anything you can do with a PC
with Windows, normally more. Much more if you are
willing to learn a bit of simple programming
(shell scripts - like a DOS batchfile) and can
type "make" at a prompt.

Hope this was of some help.  If I didn't answer
your question please restate it more specifically.


P.S. Redhat is at: www.redhat.com, Debian at:
www.debian.org. Both have excellent intros
to what Linux, Unix, Redhat and Debian are
as well as full documentation of all of their
files, packages, installations, etc.

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If you are not familiar with linux yet slackware might become somewhat complex to start with to my opinion.

If you just want to see/use an debian based installation please have a look at
Ubuntu: http://www.ubuntu.com

Or for a REDHAT based linux see
Fedora (http://fedora-project.org)
Centos (http://www.centos.org)

From these sites you can download an CD-image (iso) an burn that onto a CD and install your system from there.

The linux operating system consists of a lot (thousands of files and it is hard to name all components, to be accurate: actually only the kernel is named linux, all the other files are part of a specific distibution (like Debian/Ubuntu/RedHat/Centos/Slakware e.g.)  and can be open-source but don't have to.
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