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Posted on 1997-03-26
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Last Modified: 2013-12-25
I’ve successfully written several CGI scripts with VB.  I'm stumped on a problem at the moment and thought I'd drop you a line to see if you had any ideas.  Basically, I want to get a CGI script to send an email.  Here's the routine: The user fills in a webform and hits submit.  This fires up a CGI (written in VB).  I want the CGI to do 3 things: 1. Store the form info in my database (that's no problem, I've got my CGI doing that); 2. Send an email to a third party (this is the part I'm having difficulty with); and, 3. Send the user a confirmation page (this is also no problem).

One tip I received from a newsgroup was that I have to communicate with a server side application called Sendmail.  Is this correct?  A fellow sent me some code written in C, but I haven't been able to fully decipher it.  I don't want to use mailto:, because I want to take the emailing out of the user's hands, so to speak.  Do you have any suggestions?  I need to know how to speak to SENDMAIL  using my CGI.  I need this information either in Visual Basic (preferably) or plain english.  Alternatively, a translation of the C code to VB would be very useful.

 I want my CGI to 'say' to the email application (residing server side naturally), here' s the address, subject, and body, send it.

Here is the C code I was sent:

/* begin e-mail code */

#define SENDMAIL "/usr/lib/sendmail -t"

void sendEmail(void) {
  FILE *mail;

  if ((mail = popen(SENDMAIL,"w")) == NULL) {
    fprintf(stderr,"Error: Can't open sendmail!\n");
    return;
  }
  fprintf(mail,"To: someone@somewhere.com\n");
  fprintf(mail,"From: wherever@somewhere.com\n");
  fprintf(mail,"Subject: Mail from WWW\n");
  fprintf(mail,"\n");
  fprintf(mail,"This is the body of the mail.\n");
  pclose(mail);
}

/* end e-mail code */
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Question by:strangie
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by:strangie
ID: 1827839
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Fordream earned 130 total points
ID: 1827840
Hello. I haven't programmed CGI in VB. But I think I can help you. I can understand the C code. That is, sending mail by executing SENDMAIL program remapping stdin and stdout as 'mail'. and posting some data to program by writing to the stream. That is, it affects like when you run sendmail and type like this:
"
To: someone@somewhere.com
From: wherever@somewhere.com
Subject: Mail from WWW

This is the body of the mail.
"
 I don't know about VB function that does like C function 'popen'. But I have another way to do same.
 First, make a text file that will be posted to SENDMAIL program. like quoted text above. At least, "From:", "To:" fields and body of mail may be required.
 And use system call function with command that runs SENDMAIL redirecting stdin as the text file. for example in C code, like this:

 system("/usr/lib/sendmail -t < /tmp/temporary.txt");

 It will be not much different much in VB code, or another language because It uses same shell to process the command.
 Any questions please write a comment here.
 Bye!
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