compiling templates in VC++ 5.0

Posted on 1997-04-22
Last Modified: 2008-03-06
I get a syntax error compiling the following template in
VC++ 5.0. The code is the winsock sdk code available from
microsoft. The code compiled under the old developer studio.
I could not find any option to get it compiled in the new
I add line numbers to the code:

36:template<class T> class NILNode_c {
37:    friend class NIDeque_c<T>;
38:    friend class NIDequeIter_c<T>;
40:    public:
41:      NILNode_c();
43:    private:
44:        T           Data;
45:        NILNode_c   *Next,
46:                    *Back;

--------------------Configuration: dtwin - Win32 Debug--------------------
C:\winsock\SAMPLES\DT_DLL\dtwin\nideque.h(37) : error C2059: syntax error : '<'
C:\winsock\SAMPLES\DT_DLL\dtwin\nideque.h(37) : error C2238: unexpected token(s) preceding ';'
C:\winsock\SAMPLES\DT_DLL\dtwin\nideque.h(38) : error C2059: syntax error : '<'
C:\winsock\SAMPLES\DT_DLL\dtwin\nideque.h(38) : error C2238: unexpected token(s) preceding ';'
C:\winsock\SAMPLES\DT_DLL\dtwin\nideque.h(69) : error C2989: 'NIDeque_c' : template class has already been defined as a non-template class
C:\winsock\SAMPLES\DT_DLL\dtwin\nideque.h(114) : error C2059: syntax error : '<'
C:\winsock\SAMPLES\DT_DLL\dtwin\nideque.h(141) : error C2588: '::~NIDeque_c' : illegal global destructor
C:\winsock\SAMPLES\DT_DLL\dtwin\nideque.h(141) : fatal error C1903: unable to recover from previous error(s); stopping compilation
Error executing cl.exe.

dtwin.dll - 8 error(s), 0 warning(s)
Question by:mkhare
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Expert Comment

ID: 1162900
Please, mark what line is #37 ?

Author Comment

ID: 1162901
Edited text of question

Accepted Solution

snemanov earned 50 total points
ID: 1162902
Formally, friend class X; is not a class declaration.There was some disorder with it in the previous compiler versions.MSVC++ 5.0 has more strong approach to types declaration,so you should define NIDeque_c and NIDequeIter_c classes as template classes before NILNode_c class.Addtemplate<class T> class NIDeque_c;
template<class T> class NIDequeIter_c;
lines before the line #36 or include an appropriate header file.Feel free to ask additional questions if any.Regards, Sergey

Author Comment

ID: 1162903
i have compiled the code successfully using your suggestion

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