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Compiling with templates

Posted on 1997-06-10
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Last Modified: 2008-03-03
I am using Sunsoft's  C++ SPARCcompiler and having problems
with templates.

I have created a template class which implements arrays and
used seperate header and source files for the template. If
the compiled object file which uses the template is put in
a common archive, there are problems of undefined symbols
during link time. This does not occur if the object file is
not put in the archive.

CC -I../hdr -pti../templates -ptr../templates main.cc -L/home/rsaini/temp/src -lutil -lrwtool
Undefined                       first referenced
 symbol                             in file
Array<float>::operator [](int)                    /home/rsaini/temp/src/libutil.a(pref.o)
Array<RWCString>::get_Size(void)   /home/rsaini/temp/src/libutil.a(pref.o)
Array<RWCString>::operator [](int)          /home/rsaini/temp/src/libutil.a(pref.o)
Array<float>::get_Size(void)             /home/rsaini/temp/src/libutil.a(pref.o)
ld: fatal: Symbol referencing errors. No output written to a.out

If I use the object file directly instead of putting it in
the archive it works ok.

CC -I../hdr -pti../templates -ptr../templates main.cc pref.o -lrwtool

What is the difference?

Rajiv
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Question by:rajiv061097
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Accepted Solution

by:
LucHoltkamp earned 60 total points
ID: 1163876
If a template is compiled no code is generated. The compiler generates the code when it encounters an instance of the template and then places this code automatically in the object file.
For this reason you have to put all template definitions in the headerfiles and don't use a separate sourcefile for your definitions.
For example:

//headerfile test.hpp

// declarations
template <class T>
class Example
{
  T &doSomething();
};

// definitions
// place 'doSomething' in header also:
template <class T>
T &Example<T>::doSomething() { /* code goes here */ }

// end of header file

Good luck
.luc.

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Author Comment

by:rajiv061097
ID: 1163877
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