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Setting Win32 mixer volumes

Posted on 1997-07-21
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Last Modified: 2013-12-03
How do I set mixer volumes under program control in Win32?  I figured out how to do it for a Sound Blaster 16 in Win 3.1 by accessing the hardware ports directly, but this is not allowed for 32 bit programs.

I need my program to do everything the Windows 95 volume control application does.
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Question by:Keysoft
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Accepted Solution

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pcs071997 earned 100 total points
ID: 1401600
ShowVolume() Code to Be Added to the Generic Sample

// Link with mmsystem.lib for 16-bit applications and // link with winmm.lib for 32-bit applications.
#include <mmsystem.h> #include <stdlib.h>


void ShowVolume(void);   //Prototype the function early in the app

void ShowVolume(void) {
    // This is the function that can be added to the Generic Sample to
    // illustrate the use of waveOutGetVolume() and waveOutSetVolume().

    char buffer[40];
    char printbuf[80];
    UINT uRetVal, uNumDevs;
    DWORD volume;
    long lLeftVol, lRightVol;

    WAVEOUTCAPS waveCaps;

    // Make sure there is at least one
    // wave output device to work with.
    if (uNumDevs = waveOutGetNumDevs())
    {
   itoa((int)uNumDevs, buffer, 10);
   wsprintf(printbuf, "Number of devices is %s\n", (LPSTR)buffer);
   MessageBox(GetFocus(), printbuf, "NumDevs", MB_OK);
    }

    // This sample uses a hard-coded 0 as the device ID, but retail
    // applications should loop on devices 0 through N-1, where N is the
    // number of devices returned by waveOutGetNumDevs().
    if (!waveOutGetDevCaps(0,(LPWAVEOUTCAPS)&waveCaps,
       sizeof(WAVEOUTCAPS)))

    {
   // Verify the device supports volume changes
   if(waveCaps.dwSupport & WAVECAPS_VOLUME)
   {
       // The low word is the left volume, the high word is the right.
       // Set left channel: 2000h is one-eighth volume (8192 base ten).
       // Set right channel: 4000h is quarter volume (16384 base ten).
       uRetVal = waveOutSetVolume(0, (DWORD)0x40002000UL);

       // Now get and display the volumes.
       uRetVal = waveOutGetVolume(0, (LPDWORD)&volume);

       lLeftVol = (long)LOWORD(volume);
       lRightVol = (long)HIWORD(volume);

       ltoa(lLeftVol, buffer, 10);
       wsprintf(printbuf, "Left Volume is %s\n", (LPSTR)buffer);
       MessageBox(GetFocus(), printbuf, "Left Volume", MB_OK);

       ltoa(lRightVol, buffer, 10);
       wsprintf(printbuf, "Right Volume is %s\n", (LPSTR)buffer);
       MessageBox(GetFocus(), printbuf, "Right Volume", MB_OK);

       // The low word is the left volume, the high word is the right.
       // Set left channel: 8000h is half volume (32768 base ten).
       // Set right channel: 4000h is quarter volume (16384 base ten).
       uRetVal = waveOutSetVolume(0, (DWORD)0x40008000UL);

       // Now get and display the volumes.
       uRetVal = waveOutGetVolume(0, (LPDWORD)&volume);

       lLeftVol = (long)LOWORD(volume);
       lRightVol = (long)HIWORD(volume);

       ltoa(lLeftVol, buffer, 10);
       wsprintf(printbuf, "Left Volume is %s\n", (LPSTR)buffer);
       MessageBox(GetFocus(), printbuf, "Left Volume", MB_OK);

       ltoa(lRightVol, buffer, 10);
       wsprintf(printbuf, "Right Volume is %s\n", (LPSTR)buffer);
       MessageBox(GetFocus(), printbuf, "Right Volume", MB_OK);

   }
 }
}
Audio Mixer Reference
This section describes the functions, structures, and messages associated with audio mixers. These elements are grouped as follows.

Querying Devices
MIXERCAPS
mixerGetDevCaps
mixerGetNumDevs

Opening and Closing
mixerClose
mixerOpen

Retrieving Mixer Identifiers
mixerGetID

Retrieving Line Controls
MIXERCONTROL
mixerGetLineControls
MIXERLINECONTROLS

Changing Control Attributes
MIXERCONTROLDETAILS
MIXERCONTROLDETAILS_BOOLEAN
MIXERCONTROLDETAILS_LISTTEXT
MIXERCONTROLDETAILS_SIGNED
MIXERCONTROLDETAILS_UNSIGNED
mixerGetControlDetails
mixerSetControlDetails

Retrieving Line Information
mixerGetLineInfo
MIXERLINE
MM_MIXM_CONTROL_CHANGE
MM_MIXM_LINE_CHANGE

Sending User-Defined Messages
mixerMessage

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Author Comment

by:Keysoft
ID: 1401601
I didn't even realize there were mixer specific functions!  Thank you!
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