Abort background process....

Posted on 1997-07-29
Last Modified: 2013-11-20
I have application which takes a few menutes to load data into tree control, I need to give user a chance to abort this process. I would like to display modal dialog with some status data and button "Abort" which user should press to abort loading. The problem is how to make application load data and be able to respond to "Abort" button command in modal dialog. Any help would be appriciated.
Question by:gelbert
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Expert Comment

ID: 1302885
create a class to to the work.
create a global function called, say, MyThreadProc.

start it with:

int g_bTurnMeOff = FALSE;

if(m_bThreadHasntStarted) {
m_pWinThread = AfxBeginThread(...MyThreadProc...);
} else {
// send message to your working class with a global variable, data segment, or something similar.
g_bTurnThreadOff = TRUE;

MyThreadProc(void *Handle)
WorkingClass MyWorkingClass;
// use the handle to send messages to the dialog
while(g_bTurnThreadOff == FALSE) {


BTW, I've got a better example somewhere in the question history files.  

Post a more specific question if you need to.



Author Comment

ID: 1302886
Thanks for answer but I can not make my function which reads data a worker thread because it has some UI actions. My idea was to create UI thread and run dialog on top of it. But I could not make it work. There were an artical in MSJ some time ago about how to do it but I can not find it.

Expert Comment

ID: 1302887
You can do it this way:

The main thread will take care of the loading, before the time-consuming process begins, it can create a new thread, this thread can create a modeless dialog box (I don't why you want it to be model), after the working thread show the dialog box, it can create its own message loop and just wait it to end.  The main thread will send messages to the modeless dialog box when necessary (it should be able to get the handle of it).  The dialog box's control proc will handle the user cancel: terminate the dialog (and the thread's message loop) and also send some message to the main thread to notify the event (or set some variable so that the main thread will know somehow).

This method seems to be working well for me and I think it is quite flexible.
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Expert Comment

ID: 1302888

That's why you pass the window handle as the arg to the worker thread process.


Author Comment

ID: 1302889
Thanks guys,

   I tried to do something like this in y original version but it did not work.
Faster, could you please show some code as an example?


Accepted Solution

faster earned 200 total points
ID: 1302890
OK, just an example:

Main thread:

hProgressDlg = NULL;  // set the handle of the modeless dialog box to NULL first
hRptThrd=(HANDLE) _beginthreadex(NULL, 0, ProgressReport, NULL, 0, &tid);  // create the thread for model dialog box
while (hProgressDlg == NULL)      {  // wait until the modeless dialog box is created
r = MainProcess();  // do the main process

if (hProgressDlg) // if the dialog is still there, destroy it
    SendMessage(hProgressDlg, WM_DESTROY, 0, 0);

WaitForSingleObject(hRptThrd,INFINITE);  // wait for the child thread to terminate
CloseHandle(hRptThrd);  // close the handle of child thread

Child thread:

unsigned int WINAPI ProgressReport(void *ptr)
      MSG msg;

      hProgressDlg = CreateDialog(hUIDll, MAKEINTRESOURCE(IDD_PROGRESSDLG), hwnd, (DLGPROC) pfnInProgress); // create the modeless dialog
      ShowWindowAsync(hProgressDlg, SW_SHOWNORMAL);  // show it

        // create message loop
      while (GetMessage(&msg, NULL, NULL, NULL) == TRUE)      {
        // destroy the dialog box if necessary
      if (hProgressDlg)      {
            hProgressDlg = NULL;

        // end thread

      return 0;

BOOL CALLBACK pfnInProgress(HWND hDlg, UINT iMsg, WPARAM wParam, LPARAM lParam)
      switch (iMsg)      {
            case      WM_COMMAND:      
                  switch (LOWORD(wParam))      {
                        case      IDCANCEL:
                              bCancel = TRUE;
                              hProgressDlg = NULL;
                              return TRUE;
            case      WM_DESTROY:
                  return TRUE;
      return FALSE;

The main thread shall check bCancel to decide whether abort the process.  Of course, you can use some other way to notify the main thread.

Hope this helps

Author Comment

ID: 1302891
Thanks for answer. It is not really MFC code but I can get there myself

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