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C++ / Netbios / IPX/SPX

Posted on 1997-09-15
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Last Modified: 2006-11-17
I need to write a c++ program in windows 95 for examining the destination and source address of packets on a network.  I am not sure if i need to use Netbios or IPX/SPX.  Does anyone know of any C routines that can allow me to access these functions of Windows 95.  I would be forever in your debt.
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Question by:Cath081597
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Accepted Solution

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avivl earned 50 total points
ID: 1169787
Listing All NetBIOS Names on a LANA

You can use the Netbios function to list all the NetBIOS names on a LANA. The following example uses a unique name as the name in the ncb_callname member of the NCB structure. This causes the adapter status to be treated as a remote call, which enables you to retrieve names added by other processes.

// Set LANANUM and LOCALNAME as appropriate for your system
#define LANANUM     0
#define LOCALNAME   "MAKEUNIQUE"
#define NBCheck(x)  if (NRC_GOODRET != x.ncb_retcode) { \
                        printf("Line %d: Got 0x%x from NetBios()\n", \
                               __LINE__, x.ncb_retcode); \
                    }

void MakeNetbiosName (char *, LPCSTR);
BOOL NBAddName (int, LPCSTR);
BOOL NBReset (int, int, int);
BOOL NBListNames (int, LPCSTR);
BOOL NBAdapterStatus (int, PVOID, int, LPCSTR);

void main ()
{
    if (!NBReset (LANANUM, 20, 30)) return;

    if (!NBAddName (LANANUM, LOCALNAME)) return;

    if (!NBListNames (LANANUM, LOCALNAME)) return;

    printf ("Succeeded.\n");
}

BOOL NBReset (int nLana, int nSessions, int nNames)
{
    NCB ncb;

    memset (&ncb, 0, sizeof (ncb));
    ncb.ncb_command = NCBRESET;
    ncb.ncb_lsn = 0;                // Allocate new lana_num resources
    ncb.ncb_lana_num = nLana;
    ncb.ncb_callname[0] = nSessions;  // maximum sessions
    ncb.ncb_callname[2] = nNames;   // maximum names

    Netbios (&ncb);
    NBCheck (ncb);

    return (NRC_GOODRET == ncb.ncb_retcode);
}

BOOL NBAddName (int nLana, LPCSTR szName)
{
    NCB ncb;

    memset (&ncb, 0, sizeof (ncb));
    ncb.ncb_command = NCBADDNAME;
    ncb.ncb_lana_num = nLana;

    MakeNetbiosName (ncb.ncb_name, szName);

    Netbios (&ncb);
    NBCheck (ncb);

    return (NRC_GOODRET == ncb.ncb_retcode);
}

// Build a name of length NCBNAMSZ, padding with spaces.
void MakeNetbiosName (char *achDest, LPCSTR szSrc)
{
    int cchSrc;

    cchSrc = lstrlen (szSrc);
    if (cchSrc > NCBNAMSZ)
        cchSrc = NCBNAMSZ;

    memset (achDest, ' ', NCBNAMSZ);
    memcpy (achDest, szSrc, cchSrc);
}

BOOL NBListNames (int nLana, LPCSTR szName)
{
    int cbBuffer;
    ADAPTER_STATUS *pStatus;
    NAME_BUFFER *pNames;
    int i;
    HANDLE hHeap;

    hHeap = GetProcessHeap();

    // Allocate the largest buffer that might be needed.
    cbBuffer = sizeof (ADAPTER_STATUS) + 255 * sizeof (NAME_BUFFER);
    pStatus = (ADAPTER_STATUS *) HeapAlloc (hHeap, 0, cbBuffer);
    if (NULL == pStatus)
        return FALSE;

    if (!NBAdapterStatus (nLana, (PVOID) pStatus, cbBuffer, szName))
    {
        HeapFree (hHeap, 0, pStatus);
        return FALSE;
    }

    // The list of names follows the adapter status structure.
    pNames = (NAME_BUFFER *) (pStatus + 1);

    for (i = 0; i < pStatus->name_count; i++)
        printf ("\t%.*s\n", NCBNAMSZ, pNames[i].name);

    HeapFree (hHeap, 0, pStatus);

    return TRUE;
}
BOOL NBAdapterStatus (int nLana, PVOID pBuffer, int cbBuffer, LPCSTR szName)
{
    NCB ncb;

    memset (&ncb, 0, sizeof (ncb));
    ncb.ncb_command = NCBASTAT;
    ncb.ncb_lana_num = nLana;

    ncb.ncb_buffer = (PUCHAR) pBuffer;
    ncb.ncb_length = cbBuffer;

    MakeNetbiosName (ncb.ncb_callname, szName);

    Netbios (&ncb);
    NBCheck (ncb);

    return (NRC_GOODRET == ncb.ncb_retcode);
}


Getting the MAC Address for an Ethernet Adapter

You can use the Netbios function to get the Media Access Control (MAC) address for an ethernet adapter if your card is bound to NetBIOS. The following example uses the NCBASTAT command, providing an asterisk (*) as the name in the ncb_callname member of the NCB structure.

Note  The following code does not work reliably on Windows 95.

#include <windows.h>
#include <wincon.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <time.h>

typedef struct _ASTAT_
{
    ADAPTER_STATUS adapt;
    NAME_BUFFER    NameBuff [30];
}ASTAT, * PASTAT;

ASTAT Adapter;

void main (void)
{
    NCB ncb;
    UCHAR uRetCode;
    char NetName[50];

    memset( &ncb, 0, sizeof(ncb) );
    ncb.ncb_command = NCBRESET;
    ncb.ncb_lana_num = 0;

    uRetCode = Netbios( &ncb );
    printf( "The NCBRESET return code is: 0x%x \n", uRetCode );

    memset( &ncb, 0, sizeof(ncb) );
    ncb.ncb_command = NCBASTAT;
    ncb.ncb_lana_num = 0;

    strcpy( ncb.ncb_callname,  "*               " );
    ncb.ncb_buffer = (char *) &Adapter;
    ncb.ncb_length = sizeof(Adapter);

    uRetCode = Netbios( &ncb );
    printf( "The NCBASTAT return code is: 0x%x \n", uRetCode );
    if ( uRetCode == 0 )
    {
        printf( "The Ethernet Number is: %02x%02x%02x%02x%02x%02x\n",
                Adapter.adapt.adapter_address[0],
                Adapter.adapt.adapter_address[1],
                Adapter.adapt.adapter_address[2],
                Adapter.adapt.adapter_address[3],
                Adapter.adapt.adapter_address[4],
                Adapter.adapt.adapter_address[5] );
    }
}
 
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Author Comment

by:Cath081597
ID: 1169788
I thought id already answered this one but here goes again.
Thats spot on..Thanks you have a clarrified a few things.!!
Hope you can answer a few more questions..
After identifying the varoius cards on the ethernet i next have to look at the packets 'flowing' on the network and identify their destination addresses.. Is there any way of incorporating this into a C routine..
Just a stupid one as well..  How do i execute the above.. Do i just copy it into a *.cpp or *c file and compile it with by Borland C compiler or are their any other stpes i need to take??

Thanks a lot..

Me.
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