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Linux Setup question

mikehamer
mikehamer asked
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Last Modified: 2013-12-15
I'm running a Debian GNU/Linux 1.2 System and the backup program, Amanda, has just informed me of errors on the root drive.  In the backup log this morning I got lots of errors like these:
DUMP: short read error from /dev/hda1: [sector -1]: count=512, got=0
DUMP: bread: lseek fails
DUMP: short read error from /dev/hda1: [block -2]: count=1024, got=0
DUMP: bread: lseek2 fails!

I really need to do an 'fsck' on the root drive to find out exactly what is wrong, but can't do this unless I'm in single-user read-only mode.

How do I boot the computer up in single-user read-only mode so I can do an fsck manually on the root drive?  What are the commands I need to type at the LILO prompt?
I'm using LILO (on a floppy at present) to boot the system.

Thanks,
Mike
mike@pixelfusion.com
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Commented:
Mike - boot Linux using the boot & root floppys. By doing this you are running Linux from a root file system loaded in memory. Login as root and then you can run fsck/e2fsck. Once fsck is complete, you can issuse a mount /dev/hda1 /mnt to see how successful you've been. Good luck.

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Commented:
Your reply:

> Boot Linux using the boot & root floppys. By doing this you are running Linux from a root file system loaded in memory. Login as root and then you can run fsck/e2fsck. Once fsck is complete, you can issuse a mount /dev/hda1 /mnt to see how successful you've been.

The floppy I've got in is just a boot disk (containing the kernel) which initiates the rest of the boot from the hard drive.

If I do as you suggest, and login as root, then it won't be single-user read-only mode, it will be normal multi-user read/write mode, and doing an fsck on the root drive will corrupt it.

What do I type in at the LILO prompt to boot in single-user read-only mode?

Mike
Commented:
Mike, The disk(s) must be a boot & root combination i.e. the kernel and a file system both on floppy. If you don't have such disks, then you will need to make them. Otherwise your boot diskette (or lilo diskette) will attempt to use the root file system on /dev/hda1. The lilo prompt is no good to you while you don't have an alternate root file system to start Linix.

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