how to use stat() to get unix permissions?

I can use:

 $mode = stat("/test") [2]

and I get a 5 digit number like 33216
HOW do I convert this number into unix permissions such
as 777 or 755 or 700?

Thanks!
keithkAsked:
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ozoCommented:
#33216  is a unix permission number,
#you're just loking at in decimal instead of octal
printf "%o",$mode;
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keithkAuthor Commented:
that did it...I though that was the problem, - so I tried to use oct()...but that is the opposite of printf format specifier!

Thanks...
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ozoCommented:
$modedigits = sprintf "%o",$mode;
#also
$ownerread = 0400 & $mode;
#etc.
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ozoCommented:
Can you really use
 $mode = stat("/test") [2]
?
I have to use $mode = (stat "/test")[2];
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