Reason for Private part os the class definition

Since the the private part of the class is not accessible by the clients, why must its parts be listed within the class definition. I need to answer to my students :WHY MUST I LIST THE PRIVATE PARTS OF THE CLASS SINCE THESE ARE NOT ACCESSIBLE BY THE CLIENTS? I OTHER WORDS, WHY NOT JUST FORGET ABOUT LISTING THEM? -- THE CLIENT DOES NOT NEED THEM ANYWAY. WHY MUST THESE DEFINITIONS MUST APPEAR WITHIN THE CLASS DEFINITION? I am looking for a short explanation and not code examples? I know the definition must be there, what I need to know is WHY?
joseyAsked:
Who is Participating?
I wear a lot of hats...

"The solutions and answers provided on Experts Exchange have been extremely helpful to me over the last few years. I wear a lot of hats - Developer, Database Administrator, Help Desk, etc., so I know a lot of things but not a lot about one thing. Experts Exchange gives me answers from people who do know a lot about one thing, in a easy to use platform." -Todd S.

nietodCommented:
answer comming.
0

Experts Exchange Solution brought to you by

Your issues matter to us.

Facing a tech roadblock? Get the help and guidance you need from experienced professionals who care. Ask your question anytime, anywhere, with no hassle.

Start your 7-day free trial
nietodCommented:
The simple answer:
To make life easy for the programmers who implement (write) the c++ compilers.

The longer answer:
When an object is created the compiler must create the entire class, that is, it must allocate and initialize all of the class (all data members, not just public ones).  Although client code cannot fool with a class's private data it does need to initialize it and it does need to know that it is there so that it knows how big a class is.  Now it would be possible to get around this.  A language could produce two versions of a class definition.  One for client's to "know" about.  And one for the compiler and class designer to use.  But that's more work for the language writters.  C++ was written by one overworked man who didn't do anything he didn't have to do.

I hope this helps.  I'm partial to using code examples.
0
It's more than this solution.Get answers and train to solve all your tech problems - anytime, anywhere.Try it for free Edge Out The Competitionfor your dream job with proven skills and certifications.Get started today Stand Outas the employee with proven skills.Start learning today for free Move Your Career Forwardwith certification training in the latest technologies.Start your trial today
C++

From novice to tech pro — start learning today.