SQL Server Stored Procedures and VBScript/ODBCDirect

I'm having a problem getting SQL Server stored procedures to function in an MSOutlook97 form using ODBCDirect.  

The problem is that if the stored procedure has any parameters passed into it, then it doesn't work.  However, if there are no parameters, it works fine.  I don't understand why this is happening.  Could someone please explain this & give me an example that works?

This is the code I'm using:

Dim dbe
Dim wrkODBC
Dim conDB
Dim RS

'Dimension variables to hold DAO constants
Dim dbUseODBC
Dim dbDriverComplete
Dim dbDriverNoPrompt
Dim dbDriverPrompt
Dim dbDriverCompleteRequired
Dim dbOpenSnapshot
Dim dbOpenForwardOnly
Dim dbOpenDynamic

'Assign DAO constants
dbUseODBC = 1
dbDriverComplete = 0
dbDriverNoPrompt = 1
dbDriverPrompt = 2
dbDriverCompleteRequired = 3
dbOpenSnapshot = 4
dbOpenForwardOnly = 8
dbOpenDynamic = 16

'Establish an ODBCDirect connection
Set dbe = Item.Application.CreateObject("DAO.dbEngine.35")
Set wrkODBC = dbe.CreateWorkspace("ODBCWorkspace", "sa",_
   "", dbUseODBC)
dbe.Workspaces.Append wrkODBC
Set conDB = wrkODBC.OpenConnection("Connection1", dbDriverCompleteRequired, _

'Use stored procedure to obtain data
'(this doesn't work)
strSQL = "spInfProjectByLocation 'mmm45',7"
Set RS = conDB.OpenRecordSet(strSQL, dbOpenSnapshot)

'But this works (stored procedure with no parameters):
strSQL = "spInfAllProjects"
Set RS = conDB.OpenRecordset(strSQL, dbOpenSnapShot)

Any ideas?
Who is Participating?
alokmConnect With a Mentor Commented:
hello dmacioce,
i think the problem is u are trying to directly pass parameters with openrecordset method.
U will have to put "exec " before the stored proc. name.
             strSQL = "exec spInfProjectByLocation 'mmm45',7"
             Set RS = conDB.OpenRecordSet(strSQL,dbOpenSnapshot)
hope this solves it.
dmacioceAuthor Commented:
Edited text of question
Did you try putting parantesis () around the params?

strSQL = "spInfProjectByLocation('mmm45',7)"

Of course I don't know SQL server that well yet
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dmacioceAuthor Commented:
Yes, I did try putting paretheses around the parameters, but that didn't work either.

As a further analysis, I thought that perhaps that the SQL command containing the stored procedure was being rejected before getting passed to SQL Server, so I was thinking I might need to use the dbSQLPassThrough option.

I did try adding the following to the relevant sections of the code, and this gave me an "Invalid argument" error:

'Added the following delcaration and assignment statements
Dim dbSQLPassThrough

dbSQLPassThrough = 64

'Added the option value to OpenRecordset as follows:
Set RS = conDB.OpenRecordset(strSQL, dbOpenSnapshot, _

I suspect that the reason dbSQLPassThrough doesn't work (invalid argument) is that I'm using ODBCDirect; I think this option might be for a Jet connection only (?).

Today I will try using dbExecDirect, but I'm not sure this will work yet...  Any comments?

dmacioceAuthor Commented:
Just tried using dbExecDirect with no success.

I'm beginning to think that what I want to do is not possible with ODBCDirect.  None of the references available to me indicate that it is possible to use ODBCDirect with stored procedures.  The VB5.0 guide to building client/server apps indicates that RDO should be used with stored procedures, but as far as I know, I cannot use the RDO engine in an MS Outlook form. Am I wrong about this?  Is there any way around this?

dmacioceAuthor Commented:
Adjusted points to 100
Provide us with the heading of the stored procedure so that we can see how your parameters are defined.
dmacioceAuthor Commented:
Actually, there were two problems.  You solved one of them.  I appreciate it very much.  The other one I figured out on my own.  In order to use the stored procedure, which contained multiple select statements, I had to do the following:

strSQL = "exec spInfPrjLOcation 'mmm45',7"
Set QD = conDB.CreateQueryDef ("", strSQL)
QD.CacheSize = 1
Set RS = QD.OpenRecordset (dbOpenForwardOnly _
    , , dbReadOnly)

As an alternative, I could have set the DefaultCursorDriver property to dbUseNoCursor.

Therefore, I gave you a B.  
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