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awk substring question

Posted on 1998-02-16
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Last Modified: 2013-12-26
How do I use the substring function in awk?

I am trying to do this on a Solaris box;
for example given string 123456789...  (unknown length)
I would like to get back the substring which excludes the first n characters ie for first 3 characters return 456789...
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Question by:chrisvo
4 Comments
 

Expert Comment

by:barrycheung
ID: 1296007
suppose your string is stored in a variable str1, the awk syntax is

substr(str1, 4),
for unknown length, example

echo 1234567890 | awk {'print substr($0, 4)'}
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Author Comment

by:chrisvo
ID: 1296008
Yes, but how do you assign the result to another variable?

For example,
if $NUM is an argument passed to a script,
could this be done:
$short=`echo $NUM | awk '{print substr($NUM,4}'`

I think I'm doing something wrong because the script fails
to output the value of $short


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LVL 3

Expert Comment

by:rickyr
ID: 1296009
Hi...
Checkout your $ symbol when you assigned your variable with command sunstitution...
$var="will get you every time"
better...
var="ok you assigned me"
echo $var
regards
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Accepted Solution

by:
zhangz earned 200 total points
ID: 1296010
You may try the following as:
#short=$(num=1234567890;export num;echo "1"|awk \ 'BEGIN{num=ENVIRON["num"]}{print substr(num,4)}')
#echo $short

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