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Sending data using OLE interfaces

Posted on 1998-03-27
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Last Modified: 2010-04-06
I'm writing an ActiveX DLL and I need to send a data structure consisting of a number of classes in a linked list through it's interfaces.  How can I convert this into a data type that OLE can understand?
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Question by:BigMadDrongo
3 Comments
 
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Expert Comment

by:d003303
ID: 1360964
Yo,
implement the IEnum interface and enumerate through the linked list. The classes you want to pass over should be COM objects with a type library. This as an ultra-short comment. If you have questions, just ask.

Slash/d003303
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williams2 earned 200 total points
ID: 1360965
Delphi OLE has a strange understanding of arrays (linked lists). To assign an array to a OleVariant, you need to insert the elements into a TSafeArray. It's a generel suggestion due to the complex handling of variants. (please look up SafeArrays or TSafeArray in the Delphi Help index list). To send special objects, you can first build a record with all simple attributes and send them through the interface as a TSafeArray of Bytes (length = SizeOf(Record) ) and then reassemble the structure. Another approach is to use the class'es .SaveToStream/.LoadFromStream' methods which provides all necessary data in one structure. You could also use the .WriteComponent and .ReadComponent method.
Handling Objects with OLE is not trivial, and the solution generelly depends on which system you want do develop.

Regards
Williams
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Author Comment

by:BigMadDrongo
ID: 1360966
First you have to simplify a datastructure, so you will be able to trace your data's. Stringlists can be saved as one nullterminated string (use the getText function). Try putting all data's you have into one record. I can help you with these routines. I have tested them, and they work fine.

The Addr is the address pointer to the record. (Like ^Record).

  Function RecToOleVariant(Addr: Pointer; Const RSize: Word): OleVariant;
  var
    p: PByteArray;
    i: Integer;
  Begin
    Result:= VarArrayCreate([0, RSize-1], varByte);
    p:= Addr;
    For i:= 0 to RSize-1 do Result[i]:= p[i];
  End;

  Procedure OleVariantToRec(Data: OleVariant; addr: Pointer; RSize: Word);
  var
    p: PByteArray;
    i: Integer;
  Begin
    p:= addr;
    For i:= 0 to RSize-1 do p[i]:= Data[i];
  End;

When you use linked lists (chained lists), you should consider a record ID (Identifing a class) and build up your data by some recursive method.

If like to know more, please leave a comment.

Regards
Williams
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