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What is LMHOSTS ?

Posted on 1998-04-15
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I want to know how LMHOSTS works in a NT 4.0 ?
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Question by:soares
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alexo earned 10 total points
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The LMHOSTS file is a local text file that maps IP addresses to NetBIOS computer names. It contains entries for Windows-networking computers located outside the local subnet.  The LMHOSTS file is read when WINS or broadcast name resolution fails; resolved entries are stored in a local cache for later access.

For example, the LMHOSTS table file entry for a computer with an address of 192.45.36.5 and a computer name of mrp2 looks like this:

192.45.36.5            mrp2

You can use a text editor to create and change the LMHOSTS file because it is a simple text file. (An example of the LMHOSTS format is provided in the file named LMHOSTS.sam in the Windows NT %systemroot%\System32\Drivers\Etc directory. This is only an example file; do not use this file as the primary LMHOSTS file.)  Edit the sample LMHOSTS file (created when you install TCP/IP) to include remote NetBIOS names and IP addresses for each computer with which you will communicate.

The LMHOSTS file is typically used for small-scale networks that do not have servers.

There are more options and details, but it's too long to post here.  I suggest you try to locate the NT resource kit which goes into detail.
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