Solved

Reading and Writing BLOB into Database thr ODBC

Posted on 1998-04-30
7
733 Views
Last Modified: 2013-11-19
We need to store some large binary data into Database.It may be of bitmap or jPEG or text file.
How to store them in data base.I think we can make use of "CLong Binary" and corresponding
 "RFX_LongBinary " for CRecordset classes.We are not able to store data and retrive data from table.
Can any body suggest the way of Reading and writing bitmap file from database ,using CLong
binary and RFX_LongBinary. Or any Othere way how to ,deal with BLOB .
The database may be any type oracle or MSAccess etc.It should be database independent.

Can any body help us...
0
Comment
Question by:yakkali
  • 4
  • 3
7 Comments
 
LVL 4

Expert Comment

by:piano_boxer
Comment Utility
Instead of using the CLongBinary class use CByteArray. In this I will name this as m_rgBin.

To save a block of binary data:

*** Before this open recordset and make a call to AddNew()
*** or Edit().

// First set size of CByteArray to the size needed.
rs.m_rgBin.SetSize( nSizeNeeded );

// If you are updating an existing record,
// check if it has changed.
// Otherwize ommit this test.
if(memcmp(&rs.m_rgBin[0], pMyData, rs.m_rgBin.GetSize()))
{
    // Its changed.
    // Copy the memory block into the CByteArrar object
    memcpy(&rs.m_rgBin[0], pMyData, rs.m_rgBin.GetSize());

    // Flag field as having a value, and dirty
    rs.SetFieldNull(&rs.m_rgBin, FALSE);
    rs.SetFieldDirty(&rs.m_rgBin, TRUE);
}

// NOTE: If you want to clear the field in the database
//       make this call: rs.m_rgBin.SetSize(0) and also
//       do the SetFieldDirty() call.

*** Somewhere after this call update to store the data.

---
To load a block of binary data:

// Are the field empty?
if(rs.m_userData.GetSize())
{
    // No, copy to our local buffer pMyData
    memcpy(pMyData, &rs.m_rgBin[0], rs.m_rgBin.GetSize());
}
else
{
    //
    // TODO: Insert code for handling empty field from database.
    //
}

------
THATS IT !!!!!!!!

The key to all this is the two functions SetFieldNull() and SetFieldDirty();

0
 

Author Comment

by:yakkali
Comment Utility
Setting the size of the CByteArray is only needed when storing.

When you read the field from the database you dont need to set the size, it will be set by The field exchange function RFX_Binary.

After retriving a record you can call GetSize() to determine the size of the CByteArray, thus the size of the binary data read from the database.
0
 
LVL 4

Expert Comment

by:piano_boxer
Comment Utility
REJECTED ??????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????
0
IT, Stop Being Called Into Every Meeting

Highfive is so simple that setting up every meeting room takes just minutes and every employee will be able to start or join a call from any room with ease. Never be called into a meeting just to get it started again. This is how video conferencing should work!

 
LVL 4

Expert Comment

by:piano_boxer
Comment Utility

I will explain our problem in detail.We will be getting bmp or jpg from file.We has to read from that file.Then that has to be filled into CByteArray or CLongBinary .We are using CByteArray as u suggested.Then this has to be stored into database.Hwo should get the size.We are able to retive from database ,but gettting some junk data.And can't able to store into database.Can u explain form step1(reading image bmp or jpg)......to store and retive.

0
 

Author Comment

by:yakkali
Comment Utility
Code for loading BMP/JPEG files (CImage 1.2 class) can be found here:
http://web.ukonline.co.uk/Members/julian.smart/code.html

0
 
LVL 4

Accepted Solution

by:
piano_boxer earned 150 total points
Comment Utility
Still has some problem.I did't got how that example will help us.Presently we are able to store into database but retrival is the problem.I am here with sample code.

      CFile            strFile;
      BYTE*            byt;
      DWORD            FileLth;
      long            nLen(3);
      CBlobTest   blobObj;

      strFile.Open("C:\\VC++\\Mahesh.bmp",CFile::typeBinary | CFile::modeRead);

      FileLth = strFile.GetLength();
      ByteObj.SetSize(FileLth);

      byt = new BYTE[FileLth];
      DWORD ltemp = strFile.ReadHuge(byt,FileLth);
      ByteObj.Add(*byt);
                  //Here the length is incresing by 1 byte ,i did't got why it is incresed by 1 byte //after calling this function.
      delete byt;

      blobObj.SetBlob(&ByteObj, nLen); // This is function of class which is derived
from CRecordset.

Code for the SetBlob function.
      try
      {

      if(!IsOpen())
         Open();

      m_Size = pBlob->GetSize();
      AddNew();
      m_BlobValue.Copy(*pBlob);
      m_Size = m_BlobValue.GetSize();
      m_BlobID = nID;
      SetFieldDirty(&m_BlobValue, TRUE);
      Update();
      AfxMessageBox("Blob is Stored into Database");
      return 0;
      }
      catch(CDBException* fe)
      {

      AfxMessageBox(fe->m_strError);
      return 1;
      }

I Checked for Size of CByteArray before storing ,Before copying into  pBlob it is one less than ,after coping from ByteOb to pBlob.

It is storing into database.Presently we are using MS-Access,We are using field type is Oleobject .If We double click onthe field value,it can't be opened by Paintbrush or with some other.Its saying oleserver could not found.restart Ms-access and set the oleserver.I did't know whether image is properly stored or not.

While retiving the blob the function is

int CBlobTest :: GetBlob(CByteArray*  pBlob,long& nID)
{

      CFile            strFile;
      DWORD            FileLth;
      BYTE                       byt;
      strFile.Open("C:\\VC++\\Murali.bmp",CFile::typeBinary | CFile::modeWrite                        |CFile::modeCreate);

      try
      {
            m_strFilter = "BlobID = 3";

            if(!IsOpen())
               Open();
            else
             Requery();

            FileLth = m_BlobValue.GetSize();

             for(int i = 1 ; i < FileLth ;i++)
            {

            byt  = m_BlobValue.GetAt(i);
            strFile.Write(&byt,1);
            byt = NULL;

                     strFile.Close();
            AfxMessageBox("Field is Loaded from database");
                  
            }


 It is writing some bytes into file.But i could 't open it with Paintbursh or lview or someother.I did't Got what is happing there.It seems corretly writing but ,could''nt get sloved.Can U Please help Us.Please....

Can u Please give the complete source code for this.

BestRegards
Mahesh
0
 

Author Comment

by:yakkali
Comment Utility
F
0

Featured Post

Highfive Gives IT Their Time Back

Highfive is so simple that setting up every meeting room takes just minutes and every employee will be able to start or join a call from any room with ease. Never be called into a meeting just to get it started again. This is how video conferencing should work!

Join & Write a Comment

Suggested Solutions

Here is how to use MFC's automatic Radio Button handling in your dialog boxes and forms.  Beginner programmers usually start with a OnClick handler for each radio button and that's just not the right way to go.  MFC has a very cool system for handli…
This is to be the first in a series of articles demonstrating the development of a complete windows based application using the MFC classes.  I’ll try to keep each article focused on one (or a couple) of the tasks that one may meet.   Introductio…
This video will show you how to get GIT to work in Eclipse.   It will walk you through how to install the EGit plugin in eclipse and how to checkout an existing repository.
Get a first impression of how PRTG looks and learn how it works.   This video is a short introduction to PRTG, as an initial overview or as a quick start for new PRTG users.

728 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

8 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now