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"Deltree" command in PERL?

Posted on 1998-05-22
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Last Modified: 2008-02-01
Hi,
     I was wondering if there is a command to delete an entire directory and all the files and subdirectories in it.  Like the deltree command in dos.

Thanks in Advance.
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Question by:cide
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6 Comments
 

Expert Comment

by:GreenK
ID: 1206304
I think the easiest way is to call the system function 'rm -r'

That should remove things recursively which includes files and subdirectories...

So it would be something like this;

system('rm -r',<location>);

where location is the directory structure you want to delete....
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Author Comment

by:cide
ID: 1206305
I don't think my ISP allows this.  I tried it and it went trough fine with no errors,  but the directory is still there.  Is there another way?
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LVL 2

Expert Comment

by:bertvermeerbergen
ID: 1206306
You could use the 'File::Find' module.  The finddepth() will traverse a directory and all its subdirectories (depth-first order), calling a subroutine you define for every directory and file entry in the tree.  Your subroutine should use the '-d' operator on the entry:  use rmdir() if the entry is a directory, use 'unlink()' for a file.
If you are familiar with the UNIX find command, this module is the Perl implementation.  It is a very flexible module to do anything you like with directory entries, not only to delete them...
Remark that you need access rights to delete files and directories.  If 'rm' doesn't work because of security, you may not be able to do it any other way.  On the other hand, there is no specific 'delete' access in UNIX (it is implicit if you have write access on the directory), so if you can create files you should be able to delete them.
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Author Comment

by:cide
ID: 1206307
What is the syntax for finddepth()?
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LVL 2

Accepted Solution

by:
bertvermeerbergen earned 50 total points
ID: 1206308
Here is an example.  I did not include error checking code in the subroutine.  You should add this checks in a real program.

use File::Find

#-- The subroutine that will handle the deletion

sub DelTreeItem
{
  #-- $File::Find::dir contains the current directory (chdir() has been done)
  #-- $_ contains the current file or subdir name
  #-- $File::Find::name is "$File::Find::dir/$_"

  if (-d)  # implicit test with $_
  {
    rmdir;  # implicit use of $_, returns 1 if ok, 0 otherwise
  }
  else
  {
    unlink;  # implict use of $_, returns number of file removed
  }
}

#-- (this is in your main or some other subroutine)
#-- Parameters:
#--   1: A reference to the subroutine to be called for every item
#--   2: The top-level directory you want to remove
$DirPath = "/x/y/z";
finddepth(\&DelTreeItem, $DirPath);


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Author Comment

by:cide
ID: 1206309
Ok, I fixed mine up the only problem is it's REALLY slow, is it because I'm using Find?  Is there anyway to fix this?
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