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Problems with FindFileInTree!!!

Posted on 1998-06-17
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Last Modified: 2012-05-04
I am looking for a syntax example of FindFileInTree...
Example:

I may want to find out if a certain file, say  "Test.txt" is existing in a tree where the I select the "Main"-directory. If the file exists in more than one place( withing the tree), I would like to find all the paths for the file "Test.txt"....

Is this possible?
I run Delphi Developer 2.0...

Thanx!
/Erik N
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Question by:Erik N
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3 Comments
 
LVL 3

Accepted Solution

by:
vladika earned 200 total points
ID: 1353383
Try

function FindFileInTree(Dir: string; FileName: string; FoundFiles: TStrings): Integer;

  function AddSlash(S: string): string;
  var L: Integer;
  begin
    Result := S;
    L := Length(Result);
    if (L > 0) and (Result[L] <> '\') then Result := Result + '\';
  end;

  procedure InternalFind(SubDir: string);
  var SearchRec: TSearchRec;
      Found: Integer;
      FoundSubDir, FoundFileName: string;
  begin
   // scan all dir
    SubDir := AddSlash(SubDir);
    Found := FindFirst(SubDir+'*.*', faDirectory, SearchRec);
    while Found = 0 do
    begin
      FoundSubDir := SearchRec.Name;
      if ((SearchRec.Attr and faDirectory) <> 0) and
        (FoundSubDir <> '.') and (FoundSubDir <> '..')
      then
        InternalFind(SubDir+FoundSubDir);
      Found := FindNext(SearchRec);
    end;
    FindClose(SearchRec);

   // scan current dir
    Found := FindFirst(SubDir+FileName, faAnyFile, SearchRec);
    while Found = 0 do
    begin
      FoundFileName := SearchRec.Name;
      if (FoundFileName <> '.') and (FoundFileName <> '..') then
        // add found files to stringlist
        FoundFiles.Add(SubDir+FoundFileName);
      Found := FindNext(SearchRec);
    end;
    FindClose(SearchRec);
  end;

begin
  FoundFiles.Clear;
  InternalFind(Dir);
  Result := FoundFiles.Count;
end;


How to use:

procedure TForm1.Button1Click(Sender: TObject);
var S: TStrings;
begin
  S := TStringList.Create;
  try
    FindInTree('c:\test', 'test.txt', S); // search test.txt in dir c:\test
// ....... Your code
//  for example
//  Memo.Lines := S;
  finally
    S.Free;
  end;
end;

0
 
LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:Jacco
ID: 1353384
I have worked out an example. It shows how to use recursion to search the directory tree. And it shows how to implement a TThread object to take care of the searching:

The most important method is TFindFile.FindFile:

It first searches for files mathing the search.
The searches all directories and recurses to itself.

This is the unit for the TThread object TFindFile

*** begin of code ***
unit Unit2;

interface

uses
  Classes,StdCtrls,SysUtils;

type
  TFindFile = class(TThread)
  private
    { Private declarations }
    procedure FindFile(const AStartDir : String; const ASearchString : String; AMemo : TMemo);
    procedure ShowFound;
    procedure ShowDir;
  protected
    procedure Execute; override;
  public
    FStartDir : String;
    FSearchString : String;
    FMemo : TMemo;
    FFound : String;
    FLabel : TLabel;
    FPath : String;
  end;

implementation

procedure TFindFile.ShowFound;
begin
  FMemo.Lines.Add(FFound);
end;

procedure TFindFile.ShowDir;
begin
  FLabel.Caption:=FPath;
end;
procedure TFindFile.FindFile(const AStartDir : String; const ASearchString : String; AMemo : TMemo);
var
  sr : TSearchRec;
  r : Integer;
begin
  r:=FindFirst(AStartDir+ASearchString,faAnyFile,sr);
  while r = 0 do begin
    FFound:=AStartDir+sr.Name;
    Synchronize(ShowFound);
    r := FindNext(sr);
  end;
  FindClose(sr);
  r:=FindFirst(AStartDir+'*',faAnyFile,sr);
  while r = 0 do begin
    if (sr.Attr and faDirectory <> 0) and (sr.Name<>'.') and (sr.Name<>'..') then begin
      FPath:=AStartDir+sr.Name+'\';
      Synchronize(ShowDir);
      FindFile(AStartDir+sr.Name+'\',ASearchString,AMemo);
    end;
    r:=FindNext(sr);
  end;
  FindClose(sr);
end;

procedure TFindFile.Execute;
begin
  FindFile(FStartDir,FSearchString,FMemo);
end;

end.
*** end of code ***

To show how to use the TTheard ovbject TFind file here is an example form unit:

*** begin of code ***
unit Unit1;

interface

uses
  Windows, Messages, SysUtils, Classes, Graphics, Controls, Forms, Dialogs,
  StdCtrls,unit2;

type
  TForm1 = class(TForm)
    btnSearch: TButton;
    mmResult: TMemo;
    Label1: TLabel;
    btnStop: TButton;
    edStartDir: TEdit;
    edSearchString: TEdit;
    Label2: TLabel;
    Label3: TLabel;
    procedure btnSearchClick(Sender: TObject);
    procedure btnStopClick(Sender: TObject);
  private
    { Private declarations }
    ff : TFindFile;
    procedure SearchFile(
      const StartDir : String;
      const SearchString : String;
      AMemo : TMemo;
      ALabel : TLabel   );
  public
    { Public declarations }
  end;

var
  Form1: TForm1;

implementation

{$R *.DFM}

procedure TForm1.SearchFile(const StartDir : String; const SearchString : String; AMemo : TMemo; ALabel : TLabel);
begin
  ff:=TFindFile.Create(True);
  with ff do begin
    FStartDir := StartDir;
    FSearchString := SearchString;
    FMemo := AMemo;
    FLabel:=ALabel;
    btnSearch.Enabled:=False;
    btnStop.Enabled:=True;
    Suspended:=False;
  end;
end;

procedure TForm1.btnSearchClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
  mmResult.Lines.Clear;
  SearchFile(edStartDir.Text,edSearchString.Text,mmResult,Label1);
end;

procedure TForm1.btnStopClick(Sender: TObject);
begin
  ff.Suspend;
  ff.Free;
  btnStop.Enabled := False;
  btnSearch.Enabled := True;
end;

end.
*** end of code ***

The form file of this unit is the following:

*** begin of code ***
object Form1: TForm1
  Left = 209
  Top = 126
  Width = 530
  Height = 300
  Caption = 'Form1'
  Font.Color = clWindowText
  Font.Height = -11
  Font.Name = 'MS Sans Serif'
  Font.Style = []
  PixelsPerInch = 96
  TextHeight = 13
  object Label1: TLabel
    Left = 8
    Top = 104
    Width = 417
    Height = 13
    AutoSize = False
    Caption = 'Label1'
  end
  object Label2: TLabel
    Left = 8
    Top = 160
    Width = 33
    Height = 13
    Caption = 'Startdir'
  end
  object Label3: TLabel
    Left = 8
    Top = 184
    Width = 32
    Height = 13
    Caption = 'Label3'
  end
  object btnSearch: TButton
    Left = 8
    Top = 128
    Width = 75
    Height = 25
    Caption = 'Search'
    TabOrder = 0
    OnClick = btnSearchClick
  end
  object mmResult: TMemo
    Left = 8
    Top = 8
    Width = 417
    Height = 89
    Lines.Strings = (
      'mmResult')
    TabOrder = 1
  end
  object btnStop: TButton
    Left = 88
    Top = 128
    Width = 75
    Height = 25
    Caption = 'Stop'
    Enabled = False
    TabOrder = 2
    OnClick = btnStopClick
  end
  object edStartDir: TEdit
    Left = 104
    Top = 160
    Width = 225
    Height = 21
    TabOrder = 3
    Text = 'C:\'
  end
  object edSearchString: TEdit
    Left = 104
    Top = 184
    Width = 225
    Height = 21
    TabOrder = 4
    Text = '*.Txt'
  end
end
*** end of code ***

Hope this answered your question

Regards Jacco
0
 
LVL 10

Expert Comment

by:Jacco
ID: 1353385
vladika: just too late :)

Mine implements it in a thread, but the search is the same.
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