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Setting properties on new components

BlackMan
BlackMan asked
on
Medium Priority
178 Views
Last Modified: 2010-04-04
My problems is about setting componentproperties as runtime.

I have made 2 test components to show my problem, TMyEdit and TMyGroupBox.
TMyEdit.Enable will (in this test) set its background to red.
MyGroupBox.Enable will iterate all components in it and set the Enable property on them.

Here are snips from my code:

  TMyEdit = class(TEdit)
  private
    Function GetEnabled: Boolean;
    Procedure SetEnabled(ABoolean: Boolean);
  protected
  public
  published
    Property Enabled: Boolean Read GetEnabled Write SetEnabled;
  end;

Function TMyEdit.GetEnabled: Boolean;
begin
  Result := Inherited Enabled;
end;

Procedure TMyEdit.SetEnabled(ABoolean: Boolean);
begin
  if ABoolean <> Enabled then
  begin
    if ABoolean then
      Color := clWindow
    else
      Color := clRed;
    Inherited Enabled := ABoolean;
  end;
end;



  TMyGroupBox = class(TGroupBox)
  private
    Function GetEnabled: Boolean;
    Procedure SetEnabled(ABoolean: Boolean);
  protected
  public
  published
    Property Enabled: Boolean Read GetEnabled Write SetEnabled;
  end;

Function TMyGroupBox.GetEnabled: Boolean;
begin
  Result := Inherited Enabled;
end;

Procedure TMyGroupBox.SetEnabled(ABoolean: Boolean);
Var
  i: Integer;
begin
  if ABoolean <> Enabled then
  begin
    for i := 0 to ControlCount-1 do
      Controls[i].Enabled := ABoolean;
    Inherited Enabled := ABoolean;
  end;
end;


What I do is that I put a MyGroupBox on a form and drops a MyEdit in it. Now, if I at runtime change the Enabled value of MyEdit, the background will change accordingly.
If I change Enabled for MyGroupBox, it will not call (Set)Enabled for MyEdit but instead it calls it on TEdit (the parent component).
Now, if I change the For loop to read

    for i := 0 to ControlCount-1 do
      if (Controls[i] is TMyListBox) then
      (Controls[i] As TMyListBox).Enabled := ABoolean
      else
        Controls[i].Enabled := ABoolean;

it will work. But I don't want MyGroupBox to know all possible components that I will drop in it.

Anyone has a clue?
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Commented:
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Commented:
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Author

Commented:
That one works, but can you explain why MyEdit.Enabled is not called in my component?

Author

Commented:
Oops, I was to quick to send the other comment :-)
Your code works fine for Enabled but what if it was another property, like one I made myself?

Commented:
The problem is that GetEnabled and SetEnabled in TControl is not virtual.
If it were virtual you simple override it and all.
Suppose exists two class
type
  TClass1 = class
  public
    procedure Print;
  end;

  TClass2 = class(TClass1)
  public
    procedure Print;
  end;

procedure TClass1.Print;
begin
  // print 'Class 111'
end;

procedure TClass2.Print;
begin
  // print 'Class 222'
end;

 and procedure ..
procedure Test(C: TClass1);
begin
  C.Print;
end;

 and you have two variables
var C1: TClass1;
     C2: TClass2;

C1 := TClass1.Create;  // Type of C1 is Class1
C2 := TClass2.Create;  // Type of C2 is Class2

if you call Test(C1) you see 'Class 111'
if you call Test(C2) you as well as see 'Class 111' becouse Print is not virtual

if Print was virtual you see in first case 'Class 111' and 'Class 222' in second case

It is reason.

So, Delphi does not allow you override property Enabled but
notify you about its changing.

If it was another property and Get/Set not virtual and no notify message
I am afraid it is impossible

So, If you write components yourself make Get/Set protected and virtual.


Author

Commented:
Thanks
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