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ULRConnection(), example reading image

Posted on 1998-07-01
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Last Modified: 2010-05-18
I have got the connection to an image/jpeg type now I have to draw it.  so far

      url = new URL(getCodeBase(), "current.jpg");
      urlc = url.openConnection();
      urlc.connect();
      System.out.println("Content type is " + urlc.getContentType();

Now I have to read it and build an Image.    
Anyone have an example or something to get me started?
I don't want to use getImage(URL);
Thanks in advance.
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Question by:hank1
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Expert Comment

by:gadio
ID: 1224323
ude the folowing:

InputStream is = urlc.getInputStream();
// ....
// loop and read all the file through the input stream into a byte array buf[] .
// ....
Image res_image = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().createImage( buf );

Hope that helps.
G.
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Author Comment

by:hank1
ID: 1224324
Back at work on Tuesday (6/7?).  Give it a try and award points then if successful.
Thanks.  Have a good 4th - if you're a yankee anyway. :)
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Author Comment

by:hank1
ID: 1224325

Localized InputStream inside paint() to "implement" rewind.  However I get only
one good read. The stream is closed properly (As I understand it, when all references to
the stream are lost, the gc will close it anyway...right?) Next time into paint(),
I get a good InputStream (is not null) but my read throws an IOEx. with "read error".

Attempting to localize the URLConnection was a looping experience.  Paint never stopped.
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Expert Comment

by:gadio
ID: 1224326
hank1, hope you had a happy 4th. :)
You shouldn't do IO operations inside paint, since they take a long time to finish and the UI will be frozen in that time. Instead you should prapare all you need for a paint before (or in another thread. The answer I have written before should be done outside the paint, and also I think that you should use the getInputStream() only once, loop through it, and onl then close it. Give it a try.
Regards,
G.
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Author Comment

by:hank1
ID: 1224327
appletviewer runs this "fine".  Spin this up in nc4.05 and I get stream closed
exception after one successful read.  Hate to dump code but here it is, stripped to the
minimum.

  URL url;
  URLConnection urlc;
  Image eye;
  InputStream is;

  public void run() {
    while (true) {
      repaint();
      try {
        buildNoCacheImage();
        Thread.sleep(15L * 1000L);  // wait 15 seconds
      } catch (InterruptedException ie) {
        // ignore
      }
    }
  }

  public void buildNoCacheImage() {
    try {
      url = new URL(getCodeBase(), "current.jpg");
      urlc = url.openConnection();
      urlc.setUseCaches(false);
      urlc.connect();
      is = urlc.getInputStream();
      index = 0;
      read = 0;
      while ((read = is.read(b, index, 1000)) != -1) {
        index += read;
      }
      System.out.println("index/read " + index + "/" + read);
      is.close();
      eye = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().createImage(b);
    } catch (Exception e) {
      e.printStackTrace();
    }
  }
  int index = 0;
  int read = 0;

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Author Comment

by:hank1
ID: 1224328
gadio come get your points.
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Expert Comment

by:gadio
ID: 1224329
I think I know what the problem is. I'm a bit tied up at work now, I'll try and give you an answer today or tomorrow the latest.
:-)
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Author Comment

by:hank1
ID: 1224330
No, it works ok.  I was running into server image update activity.
The other previous problem was, like most filters, closing the inputstream
closed the URLConnection.  I just open everything up again.
Thanks for your help.  Come and get'um.
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Accepted Solution

by:
gadio earned 100 total points
ID: 1224331
OK, I'll quote both my answers again:
-------
Use:

      InputStream is = urlc.getInputStream();
      // ....
      // loop and read all the file through the input stream into a byte array buf[] .
      // ....
      Image res_image = Toolkit.getDefaultToolkit().createImage( buf );
--------------
You shouldn't do IO operations inside paint, since they take a long time to finish and the UI will be frozen in that time. Instead you should prapare all you need for a paint before (or in another thread. The answer I have written before should be done outside the paint, and also I think that you should use the getInputStream() only once, loop through it, and onl then close it. Give it a try.
Regards,
 G.
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