Advantages & Disadvantages of Novell Netware over Nt 4.0

Can you provide the Advantages & Disadvantages of Novell Netware over Microsoft NT, please kindly note the information should be based on neutral sites i.e. it should be neither Microsoft website nor Novell website.
prasadsrkAsked:
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mbreukerConnect With a Mentor Commented:
The advantages and disadvantages of either network depends entirely on what you wish to do. Currently, Novell 4.11 vs. NT 4.0 is a fairly balanced war.

Novell is currently optimized for a file and print sharing network with which it is much faster and easier to manage. It also contains features, such as disk quota management, etc. that are essential for a file server which NT has to provide via. third party. Novell      also has many other advantages in this area as well, such as NDS, which allows you to really manage what users and groups can do on the network, aside from mere directory access.

NT on the other hand, works far better as an application server, despite the fact that Microsoft has tried to push NT to replace UNIX and/or Novell in many of their native functions. Nonetheless, NT can be used in a client/server environment quite well. Because
many functions are built into the OS, writing applications to perform specific functions is very easy, making NT the choice for such things as web servers, transactions servers, database servers, etc. There are a lot of appliations that require NT, so many times it
is not a choice.

Microsoft plans on releasing NT 5.0 next year, which makes up for many of the administrative shortcomings that NT currently has compared to Novell. Novell also is producing a new version which makes up for many of the things that it lacks compared to NT. For this reason, the battle may sway one way or the other this time next year. Until then, the rule is "Novell for File/Print sharing, NT for Client/Server applications." For basic Internet/intranet services such as DNS, SMTP, etc. - use unix if you can, even though
both Novell and NT now have applications to support these things.

Of course many people have "personal" opinions about the two NOSs, but I won't get into those particular biases.

- Mike
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prasadsrkAuthor Commented:
Information is Very urgent
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freterCommented:
Hi!
We (The Nordakademie, a private university located in northern Germany) are currently migrating from a NT 4.0 domain to a Netware 4.11 based ZENwork for the follwing reasons:
1) ZEN (Zero Effort Network): with Netware 4.11, you can administer your LAN / WAN from one single point of administration, the Netware Administrator tool. With this tool, you can create new users, groups, organizational units, computer objects and so on. Furhtermore, you can administer user and workstation policies (if you don't know what that is, just post a comment, and I'll explain it) from there. The structure that corresponds to your company (or site) structure is called the NDS (Novell Directory Services). It is possible to use the information found in the NDS to manage your eMail accounts (if you use Pegasus Mail, GroupWise or any other EMail Client that is NDS-enabled)
Also, it is possible to have your apps started from the net, if you make use of the NAL (Netware Application Launcher). You can then assign apps to your users according to their group membership (think of how to do this with NT Server, it simply is impossible, vene with Microsoft's ZAK). Plus, roaming profiles are supported with Netware 4.11 as well  as with NT.
2) Netware Servers simply are more performant file servers than NT Servers (one reason is the lack of a graphical user interface on the netware server)

If you have further questions, please let me know. I'll be happy to answer them!

Regards,
Freter
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mbreukerCommented:
The advantages and disadvantages of either network depends entirely on what you wish to do. Currently, Novell 4.11 vs. NT 4.0 is a fairly balanced war.

Novell is currently optimized for a file and print sharing network with which it is much faster and easier to manage. It also contains features, such as disk quota management, etc. that are essential for a file server which NT has to provide via. third party. Novell also has many other advantages in this area as well, such as NDS, which allows you to really manage what users and groups can do on the network, aside from mere directory access.

NT on the other hand, works far better as an application server, despite the fact that Microsoft has tried to push NT to replace UNIX and/or Novell in many of their native functions. Nonetheless, NT can be used in a client/server environment quite well. Because many functions are built into the OS, writing applications to perform specific functions is very easy, making NT the choice for such things as web servers, transactions servers, database servers, etc. There are a lot of appliations that require NT, so many times it is not a choice.

Microsoft plans on releasing NT 5.0 next year, which makes up for many of the administrative shortcomings that NT currently has compared to Novell. Novell also is producing a new version which makes up for many of the things that it lacks compared to NT. For this reason, the battle may sway one way or the other this time next year. Until then, the rule is "Novell for File/Print sharing, NT for Client/Server applications." For basic Internet/intranet services such as DNS, SMTP, etc. - use unix if you can, even though both Novell and NT now have applications to support these things.

- Mike
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