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Using JComponent.firePropertyChange() with a Swing component

Posted on 1998-07-28
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Last Modified: 2006-11-17
Can someone (in detail) how to set up objects to use the JComponent.firePropertyChange() method when and "action" is performed? Specifically, I have a object (extending from JPanel) that contains a JComboBox. I'd like to have other objects "listen" to this JComboBox to change and automatically do something with the new value.

Source code of an example would be greatly appreciated.
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Question by:mwalker
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by:mwalker
ID: 1228848
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by:mwalker
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msmolyak earned 150 total points
ID: 1228850
You should define listeners (the classes interested in property change event) by implementing java.beans.PropertyChangeListener interface (which has the propertyChanged() method).

Next step is to register the listener class with the component whose property change events you want to intercept by using JComponent.addPropertyListener() method.

The last step is notifying the registered listeners about the property change. For instance, in the method setCoffeeStrength() which changes the coffeeStrength property value you call the method firePropertyChange("coffeeStrength", oldStrength, newStrength).  This in turn calls the propertyChanged() method of all the registered listeners passing the property name and the old and new values. The listeners decides what to do about this change (depending on how you implement propertyChanged() method).

firePropertyChanged() method is overloaded to cover all the possible property types.

Hope that helps.
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Author Comment

by:mwalker
ID: 1228851
This is good, but, I'm not clear on your example.  When does setCoffeeStrength() get called?  In my case, I have a ActionListener defined on the JComboBox. Would I call the method firePropertyChange("coffeeStrength", oldStrength, newStrength) here?
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by:msmolyak
ID: 1228852
In my example the property change was initiated by someone calling setCoffeeStrength().  In your case you want to link the notification to the value selected in the combo box. Rather than using property change mechanism you can use the item listeners. It is even simpler.

Your listener will implement the ItemListener interface. Then you add the listener(s) to the combo box using addItemListener() method. When the selection changes the listener is AUTOMATICALLY notified (that  the method fireItemStateChanged() method gets called for you, you do not have to call it. This method will tell the listener what the event source is as well as the old and new selection.

Is that what you want?
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by:mwalker
ID: 1228853
Yes.  Thank you.
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