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reading file streams

Posted on 1998-07-29
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Last Modified: 2010-04-02
I am reading a standard text file which has been opened using
stream = fopen("MyFile.txt", "a+");
No problems there.
I then want to find a specific text string. eg:
char T[256];
char S[]="My Name";
fscanf(stream, "%s", &T);
compare = strcmp(T,S);

using fscanf however only retrieves a string up to the next whitespace.
How can I look for a "sentance" as it were like 'My Name' that includes a whitespace.
Thanks for any help.
dsch
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Question by:dsch
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3 Comments
 

Accepted Solution

by:
jufer earned 90 total points
ID: 1168947
Hi,
try to read the hole line with fgets(T,256,stream);  

The fgets function reads a string from the input stream argument and stores it in string. fgets reads characters from the current stream position to and including the first newline character, to the end of the stream, or until the number of characters read is equal to n – 1, whichever comes first. The result stored in string is appended with a null character. The newline character, if read, is included in the string.
The fscanf end at a whitespace as you saw it, I don't know another solution with fscanf!


or take the easier version with CStdioFile, CString and so....

like :
 CStdioFile stream;
 CString cstr;

 //open the file
  if( !stream.Open( "MyFile.txt", CFile::modeCreate  | CFile::modeReadWrite |
         CFile::typeText ) )
    {
       #ifdef _DEBUG
         afxDump << "Unable to open file" << "\n";
      #endif
      exit( 1 );
    }
 else {
   while (stream.ReadString(cstr) )  //read the hole file, not only one line
   {
      if (cstr.Find("MyName")!=-1)  {
       //found the String
       }
   }
}

With the CString you can also cut the leading / ending spaces with cstr.TrimLeft(); or cstr.TrimRight();  but see the helppage for more information.


Cheers
jufer
 
 

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LVL 11

Expert Comment

by:alexo
ID: 1168948
fscanf() and fgets() is the C way of doing things.
CStdioFile, CString, etc. are MFC abominations.

The standard C++ solution is using iostreams.
istream::getline will retrieve a line of text..
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LVL 1

Author Comment

by:dsch
ID: 1168949
Used the fgets function, this was good enough for what I needed.
Ta

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