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Expressing number in hexadecimal number??

Posted on 1998-07-30
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Last Modified: 2008-03-06
Hi,

I like to ask a question about expressing number in hexadecimal format?( I think, it is hexadecimal).  Why can't we use integer and float number?

What are the good reasons reason behind this?  Can I convert this back to integer number?  For example,

  //----------------------------------------------------//
 static unsigned long SP1[64]  = {

 0x01010400L,0x00000000L,0x00010000L,0x01010404L,
 0x01010004L,0x00010404L,0x00000004L,0x00010000L,
 0x00000400L,0x01010400L,0x01010404L,0x00000400L,
 0x01000404L,0x01010004L,0x01000000L,0x00000004L,
 0x00000404L,0x01000400L,0x01000400L,0x00010400L,
 0x00010400L,0x01010000L,0x01010000L,0x01000404L,
 0x00010004L,0x01000004L,0x01000004L,0x00010004L,
 0x00000000L,0x00000404L,0x00010404L,0x01000000L,
 0x00010000L,0x01010404L,0x00000004L,0x01010000L,
 0x01010400L,0x01000000L,0x01000000L,0x00000400L,
 0x01010004L,0x00010000L,0x00010400L,0x01000004L,
 0x00000400L,0x00000004L,0x01000404L,0x00010404L,
 0x01010404L,0x00010004L,0x01010000L,0x01000404L,
 0x01000004L,0x00000404L,0x00010404L,0x01010400L,
 0x00000404L,0x01000400L,0x01000400L,0x00000000L,
 0x00010004L,0x00010400L,0x00000000L,0x01010004L   };

Thank you very much for answering my question?
 
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Question by:ee9553
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by:ozo
Comment Utility
static unsigned long SP1[64]  = {
    16843776L,0L,65536L,16843780L,
    16842756L,66564L,4L,65536L,
    1024L,16843776L,16843780L,1024L,
    16778244L,16842756L,16777216L,4L,
    1028L,16778240L,16778240L,66560L,
    66560L,16842752L,16842752L,16778244L,
    65540L,16777220L,16777220L,65540L,
    0L,1028L,66564L,16777216L,
    65536L,16843780L,4L,16842752L,
    16843776L,16777216L,16777216L,1024L,
    16842756L,65536L,66560L,16777220L,
    1024L,4L,16778244L,66564L,
    16843780L,65540L,16842752L,16778244L,
    16777220L,1028L,66564L,16843776L,
    1028L,16778240L,16778240L,0L,
    65540L,66560L,0L,16842756L  
};

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psdavis earned 20 total points
Comment Utility
Hmm... You question is unclear, but let's see what we can do.

1) The hexadecimal numbers you have displayed are integer as well.  There really isn't a internal conversion, they're the same thing.

If you wanted to display them in hex vs. integer, try the simple printf statements...

printf( "%d %x", SP1[ 0 ], SP1[ 0 ] );

will print out  16843776 and 0x01010400

2) You can convert a hex to a float by using casts as well.

long iNumber = SP1[ 0 ]
float fNumber = (float) SP1[ 0 ];

Tell me if this answers your question.
Phillip
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by:nietod
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Integers are always stored as binary numbers.  Regardless of the base you use to enter them (decimal (normal), hexedecimal, or octal), they are converted to a binary number and stored.  C++ doesn't "keep track" of the base in which you entered them.  Thus the two integers

int i1 = 16;
int i2 = 0x10;

are the same.  Integers can be displayed (like using printf()) in a variety of bases.  They do not have to be displayed in the base they were entered in.
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Do you know the main threat actor types? Most attackers fall into one of four categories, each with their own favored tactics, techniques, and procedures.

 
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by:nietod
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opps, hit submit by mistake.

thus you can enter an integer in one base and print it in another, like

int i = 32;
printf( "%d %x", i,i );

will print the number in both decimal and hex eventhough it was entered in decimal.
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by:psdavis
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Nietod,

Don't you wish you could hit tab and actually tab the text instead of going to the submit button?? :)

Phillip
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by:nietod
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That wasn't the problem.  I have 4 computers.    I temporarily switched away from the modem computer but I clicked its mouse by mistake rather then the one for the computer I intended to use.
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by:alexo
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>> Why can't we use integer and float number?
You can but sometimes it is easier (yes, you read it right) to use hex.

Consider a 32bit integer that holds a bitmask.   That is, each bit acts as a flag (the actual value of the integer is not important).

Suppose I want to turn on some bits and turn off some others.  If C/C++ supported binary format (which it doesn't) I could have written something like:

    flags = [0100101011100001]

However, since binary is not available, one can use hex.  A hex digit corresponds to 4 binary digits.  Thus:

    flags = [0100] [1010] [1110] [0001]

And in hex (this will compile):

    flags = 0x4AE1;

This is for the average human easier to translate back to binary than:

    flags =  19169;

Doesn't it?

Also consider this:

    unsigned long val =  4294967295;

See?  Probably not...  However, once I switch to hex:

    unsigned long val =  0xFFFFFFFF;

It becomes clear that 'val' holds the largest unsigned 32bit value.

All that aside, the real reason is that we C/C++ programmers worry about job security and thus try as hard as we can to make our code incomprehensible to the uninitiated.  Unfortunaly we cwnnot yet program in sanscrit and use base 17 calculations.
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