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Better JTextField

Posted on 1998-08-03
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Last Modified: 2008-02-26
How can I create a JTextField that accepts only a predefined length of characters, or accepts only numbers?
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Question by:incah
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2 Comments
 
LVL 6

Accepted Solution

by:
gadio earned 100 total points
ID: 1230611
incah, add a TextListener to the JTextField, that on every text change event will check the contents of the field. If the contents is not valid, you can undo the last character or beep or whatever. Note that you can use the java.text.NumberFormat to help you with the nunmbers.
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Author Comment

by:incah
ID: 1230612
You mean a DocumentListener. There is no TextListener for a JTextField. Anyway I did it in the following code,but it doesn't work as expected. When the first non-digit character is entered the program that uses the NumberJTextField freezes. But even if it worked I can't find of a nice way to change the content of the field (see method doWork() which removes the entire contents and inserts a new String. There I'm forced to pass null as the third parameter to insertString() because I don't know what else to pass).

import com.sun.java.swing.*;
import com.sun.java.swing.text.*;
import com.sun.java.swing.event.*;

public class NumberJTextField extends JTextField {
      public NumberJTextField() {
            super();
            this.getDocument().addDocumentListener(new MyDocumentAdapter());
      }
      public NumberJTextField(String text) {
            super(checkedString(text));
            this.getDocument().addDocumentListener(new MyDocumentAdapter());
      }
      public NumberJTextField(int columns) {
            super(columns);
            this.getDocument().addDocumentListener(new MyDocumentAdapter());
      }
      public NumberJTextField(String text,int columns) {
            super(checkedString(text),columns);
            this.getDocument().addDocumentListener(new MyDocumentAdapter());
      }
      public NumberJTextField(Document doc,String text,int columns) {
            super(doc,checkedString(text),columns);
            this.getDocument().addDocumentListener(new MyDocumentAdapter());
      }
      private static String checkedString(String text) {
            if (text==null || text.equals(""))
                  return(text);
            int len=text.length();
            StringBuffer out=new StringBuffer(len);
            char c;
            for (int i=0;i<len;i++) {
                  c=text.charAt(i);
                  if (c>='0' && c<='9')
                        out.append(c);
            }
            return(out.toString());
      }
      public void setText(String text) {
            super.setText(checkedString(text));
      }

      class MyDocumentAdapter implements DocumentListener {
            public void insertUpdate(DocumentEvent e) {
                  doWork(e);
            }
            public void removeUpdate(DocumentEvent e) {
            }
            public void changedUpdate(DocumentEvent e) {
                  doWork(e);
            }
            private void doWork(DocumentEvent e) {
                  Document doc=e.getDocument();
                  int len=doc.getLength();
                  if (len>0) {
                        try {
                              String text=doc.getText(0,len),
                                                                               out=checkedString(text);
                              if (!text.equals(out)) {
                                    doc.remove(0,len);
                                    doc.insertString(0,out,null);
                              }
                        } catch(BadLocationException ble) {
                        }

                  }
            }
      }

}

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