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Differences with browsers - help, going MAD!

Posted on 1998-08-03
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Last Modified: 2010-04-09
I'm trying to develop a web page with Front Page 98 and even though it looks good in the preview mode, it never looks right in the different browsers.  Here are some of the problems I've experienced:
1. Netscape Communicator 4.05 interprets code like, "<body background="images/moonface.gif" leftmargin="5">" as a pointer to (www.images.com) Why is this and how do I correct this??  Why haven't I encountered this bug before??  Does this have anything to do with the ISP's configuration?   I tried "./images/" but Frontpage keeps removing the "./" portion.
2. Even if I can get very close to what I want with IE3 and Netscape, the new IE4 (4.72.3110) for Win98 is totally off.  The simple table I created to display a graphic on the right is not even visible (or only a small portion is - scrolling doesn't  display more)!!

Is there a better HTML editor or I'm I just making stupid mistakes?   Still, I'm annoyed that the preview in Frontpage is so forgiving of errors.

If I receive a solution today, I'll add another 25pts!
Thank you
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Question by:Shawn Connelly
11 Comments
 
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by:Shawn Connelly
ID: 1845011
Edited text of question
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by:stevemiller
ID: 1845012
Your problem is one we all as HTML authors face all the TIME!  Each specific browser's HTML creator seems to be favored by it's associated browser and has some commands specific for that browser only.  More in a sec--

To solve the specific problem with the misreported link on your HTML doc is to either type in the full URL or try ../-- you only had one dot.

i personally create my pages in Netscape Composer, test them on both browsers, and then remove all the extra crap, if necessary, using Windows wordpad.

I do know Homesite 3.0 claims to be the most neutral of all HTML creators.  Supposedly these files work with any browser, I just haven't messed with it yet!

Sincerely,

steve
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by:stevemiller
ID: 1845013
Oh yeah--

Your ISP is not causing this and as for the table, you might have to adjust the space percentages.  Something you see specifically by loading the HTML file into Wordpad.  

Generally, it is a good idea to become familiar with HTML itself even though you utilize a creator.  It makes things much easier when solving these little problems...

steve
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by:Sieger
ID: 1845014
HomeSite favors a little bit toward IE since it uses it as preview browser... but they said IE is able to open internally through Homesite itself..
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by:stevemiller
ID: 1845015
Well, as you can see, it all comes down to your personal pref, a little testing, and if you're happy with the results.

steve
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Author Comment

by:Shawn Connelly
ID: 1845016
Okay, here is the most current problem.   After much tweaking, I've been able to get this dang web page to look equally good in both Netscape (latest) and IE v3 *but* the Windows 98 version of IE doesn't display a photo placed in a table.  I have a two column table with text in the left column and a photo in the right column.   It looks good in all browsers (including FP98 preview) *except* the IE for Win98!!

I'll include the code:  (any ideas?)   thank you.

<div align="left">

<table border="0" width="640" height="266" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="0" align="left">
  <tr>
    <td width="372" height="266" nowrap><small><img src="images/ckmark.gif" width="15"
    height="15" alt="ckmark.gif (1015 bytes)">&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; One of South Florida's
    leading computer vendors!<br>
*** stuff deleted **
    <td width="1" height="266" nowrap><p align="left"><img src="images/fortunet_1.jpg"
    width="320" height="213" alt="Our location at 3050 Biscayne Blvd., Miami, Fl."
    align="left"><br>

** WOW!  I just answered my own question!!!!!

Notice the td width?  It shows a value of "1"!  
Why didn't FP98 set this correctly and why did the other browsers ignore this setting of 1?

** The ending part.....
    <font color="#004080"><strong><small>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Our
    location at 3050 Biscayne Blvd., Miami, Fl.</small><br>
    <small>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Telephone:
    305-573-0135&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Fax: 305-573-0139</small></strong></font></td>
  </tr>
</table>
</div>

Are there any other problems (or suggestions) about my coding?

Thank you.
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Expert Comment

by:TypoError
ID: 1845017
As to the HTML editor, HomeSite 3.0 *is* good. It creates valid HTML 4.0 without any extra crap (I've only used it a couple of times but it looked just great), it has lots of useful features (built-in ftp, document weight checker, HTML checker etc.). Also, you get a free 30-day trial period.

About the coding, I'd remove the extra &nbsp;s from the code and use either (deprecated) HSPACE or CSS to create the space in between the images and the text.

- TypoError
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by:bernfarr
ID: 1845018
I do a lot of development that has to work on various versions of Netscape and IE for all three Windows platforms (Win 3.1, 95 and NT - don't consider 98 yet).

I've found that using a tool that validates my HTML helps remove many (not all) of my problems. The one I use can be found at:
  http://www.htmlvalidator.com/

Coincidentally it is also the one included with HomeSite.
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by:Otta
ID: 1845019
> Here are some of the problems I've experienced:
> 1. Netscape Communicator 4.05 interprets code like,
>   <body background="images/moonface.gif" leftmargin="5">
>  as a pointer to (www.images.com)
> Why is this and how do I correct this??

Try:  <body background="/images/moonface.gif" ...

Some browsers take 'hostname/pagename',
and try to be "helpful" by changing this
to 'http://www.' plus 'hostname' plus '.com/pagename',
or 'http://www.' plus 'hostname' plus '.edu/pagename',
and then try to access this page.  

> Why haven't I encountered this bug before??

Just lucky, or did you recently "upgrade" your browser?

> Does this have anything to do with the ISP's configuration?

No.

> I tried "./images/" but Frontpage keeps removing the "./" portion.

Does it work without the "dot-dot" ?

> 2. Even if I can get very close to what I want with IE3 and
> Netscape, the new IE4 (4.72.3110) for Win98 is totally off.
> The simple table I created to display a graphic on the right
> is not even visible (or only a small portion is - scrolling
> doesn't display more)!!

Tables have to have 100%-correct HTML.
Make sure that you have one </TR> for each <TR>,
and be careful when you use 'COLSPAN=nn' or 'ROWSPAN=nn'
when building complex tables, and insert enough rows/columns
to "fill" those tables.

Also, omit any auto-inserted 'ALIGN=' and/or 'VALIGN=' tags
inside a '<TABLE>' tag, just to see if that makes a difference.

> Is there a better HTML editor

InContext Spider is at  http://WWW.InContext.COM

> Still, I'm annoyed that the preview in Frontpage is so
> forgiving of errors.

InContext's Spider auto-corrects "bad" HTML.



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Expert Comment

by:dagon
ID: 1845020
HomeSite can just as simply create invalid html, as it doesent actully write html, the user does.
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Accepted Solution

by:
wschmidt080698 earned 100 total points
ID: 1845021
O.k.  As for why FP and the other browsers displayed that correctly,  here is the possible reason as I've found it...

I notice that whenever i use the a set table size with the no wrap option, The text(or image) Will continue to overlap the border of the table and continue typing.  Mayhaps this is because of incorrect handling in the browsers coding and microsoft happened to fix it first with its IE4 for 98.  That, or the other browser just decided that maybe you want the whole image/text seen and so never set it to cut off any text that went outside of the table ( in essence, making tables with the nowrap option useful for formatting text and images but nothing more).  hopefully this helps somewhat.
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