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installation in Unix

how to install a program or application in Unix system?generally do i need to compile it before install? and what is the purpose for make, makefile, etc.?
what is the general steps to do this kind of work?
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wini072297
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wini072297
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elfieCommented:
IF you are refering to freeware/shareware you have mostly two possibities.
Either you search for compiled executables for the correct version of your OS. These are mostly offered with a standard installation software for that os (Sun - package format - pkgadd,

Other vendors can use other install programs).

The other way is that most software found for on the net (Linux stuff, GNU) comes in source format. The makefile are a kind of definition file of how certain software can be build, using the 'make' command. If you have a unix system tyoe 'man mak' for more information. Most people doing development on Unix are familiar with make and makefiles. If you know someone doing some c-programming on a unix box, he certainly most know it
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vividhCommented:
If the program is in a standard package format(created using pkgmk command) then just use the following command:
pkgadd -d ctape1 Package1
where -d stands for the device name. Pakage1 is the name of the package.
The other way is to install it using the standard install program found typically in /usr/sbin. Please do man install to get more details.
If the executables are notpresent then you may have to compile using the make utility and then install the executables using install or create a package and then install it.

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