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Passing arguments from VBscript (VARIANT)

Posted on 1998-08-11
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Last Modified: 2012-08-13
I am trying to call a COM object (written in C++) from VBSCRIPT embedded in an HTML page (IE 3.02).  The object method's signature is:   myfunc( [out] VARIANT* pVar,
     [in] VARIANT ccVar )

     If I call the method (from within VBSCRIPT) like this:

     myfunc( str, 10000 );

     (str is of VARIANT), the variant comes in (on the C++) side as VT_I4 as expected.

     However, if I pass it as:  myfunc( str, nNumber)

     (nNumber is of VARIANT set to 10000), the incoming VARIANT (in C++) actually is a byref ptr to another variant that contains the VT_I4 with the 10000.

     Why is this?   Do I have to code for all situations?  As I mentioned, my method expects an [in] only for the second parameter, I never want BYREF.
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Question by:tdietz
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Norbert earned 100 total points
ID: 1169952
As you said nNumber has the type Variant.
Having a look to the definition of Variant you can see that a variant is only a struct with an embedded union.
The union does not have the space to store a complete variant in it there is only the space to hold a pointer to a variant.
Therefore the only way to transport a variant is byref.
if you only want to transport longs try to define
 myfunc( [out] VARIANT* pVar,    [in] long ccVar )
if you want to transport any kind of data you can store into a variant you have to code all situations that can occure
but that is not a big deal:
MyFunc(VARIANT* pVar, VARIANT ccVar)
{
       VARIANT* Helper=&ccVar;
       while(Helper.vt==VT_BYREF|VT_VARIANT)
             Helper=Helper->pvarVal;
      switch(Helper.vt)
      {
          case VT_I4:
              Do Things for longs
              break;
         case VT_ Other needed types
              .
              .
              .
         default: // Not needed types are error conditions
           Report error condition
       }
}

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