Solved

Trimming spaces from a field

Posted on 1998-08-21
6
206 Views
Last Modified: 2010-03-19
Basic problem is checking if certain person isn't already in a table. It could be that someone other created this person, and wrote the name slightly different. Soundex is available, but gives a big difference if there are spaces between the characters or not [SOUNDEX('Van Der') <> SOUNDEX('Vander').
So i would like to trim that column first, before using the soundex function. But no internal function is available for trimming 'inside' spaces. How should i solve this problem ?
0
Comment
Question by:jvh042097
6 Comments
 

Author Comment

by:jvh042097
ID: 1089687
Edited text of question
0
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:brunchey
ID: 1089688
Have you tried patindex?  It returns the starting position of the first occurrence of pattern in the specified expression, or zeros if the pattern is not found. You can use wildcard characters in pattern, as long as the wildcard character % precedes and follows pattern (except when searching for first or last characters). The expression is usually a column name. You can use this function on text, char, and varchar data.
0
 
LVL 4

Expert Comment

by:mitek
ID: 1089689
PATINDEX would not help in this situation. clearly, 'vander' is not a pattern in 'van der', neither 'van der' will be found in 'vander'

0
PRTG Network Monitor: Intuitive Network Monitoring

Network Monitoring is essential to ensure that computer systems and network devices are running. Use PRTG to monitor LANs, servers, websites, applications and devices, bandwidth, virtual environments, remote systems, IoT, and many more. PRTG is easy to set up & use.

 
LVL 4

Expert Comment

by:mitek
ID: 1089690
Question: do you absolutely need to do it within a single SELECT query or cursor will be ok as well ?
If it's the first, it may be really hard to do (if at all possible)
If second, it's quite feasible ...

0
 
LVL 5

Accepted Solution

by:
mayhew earned 100 total points
ID: 1089691
I believe what brunchey meant was to use patindex to find the space in 'van der'.

It's a little long but something like:

select substring('van der',1,patindex('% %','van der')-1) + substring('van der',patindex('% %','van der')+1,datalength('van der'))

would do the trick.  Of course this only finds one space.  Like mitek said, though, if you can use a stored proc or something, it wouldn't be tough to iterate this so it strips all spaces out.

Let us know if this helps.  :)

Don
0
 
LVL 4

Expert Comment

by:mitek
ID: 1089692
There is no way to write a generalized solution in one query.
However, here is a solution for names with 0-2 spaces in them:

SELECT * FROM users
 WHERE SOUNDEX('vander') = CASE
         -- first space detection
         WHEN CHARINDEX(' ',last_name) > 0 THEN
           SOUNDEX(SUBSTRING(last_name,1,CHARINDEX(' ',last_name) - 1) +
           SUBSTRING(last_name,CHARINDEX(' ',last_name) + 1,DATALENGTH(last_name)))
         -- second space detection
         WHEN CHARINDEX(' ',SUBSTRING(last_name,CHARINDEX(' ',last_name),DATALENGTH(last_name))) > 0 THEN
           SOUNDEX(SUBSTRING(last_name,1,CHARINDEX(' ',last_name) - 1) +
           SUBSTRING(last_name,CHARINDEX(' ',last_name) + 1,CHARINDEX(' ',SUBSTRING(last_name,CHARINDEX(' ',last_name),DATALENGTH(last_name))) - 1) +
           SUBSTRING(last_name,CHARINDEX(' ',SUBSTRING(last_name,CHARINDEX(' ',last_name),DATALENGTH(last_name))) + 1,DATALENGTH(last_name)))
         -- no spaces detected
         ELSE
           SOUNDEX(last_name)
       END

following the same pattern, one could write a solution for 0-3, and even for 0-4 spaces. however, if more than 3 spaces are expected, it will make sense to write a generalized solution with a cursor and a space-removing routine


0

Featured Post

Is Your Active Directory as Secure as You Think?

More than 75% of all records are compromised because of the loss or theft of a privileged credential. Experts have been exploring Active Directory infrastructure to identify key threats and establish best practices for keeping data safe. Attend this month’s webinar to learn more.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

Slowly Changing Dimension Transformation component in data task flow is very useful for us to manage and control how data changes in SSIS.
I have a large data set and a SSIS package. How can I load this file in multi threading?
Using examples as well as descriptions, and references to Books Online, show the documentation available for datatypes, explain the available data types and show how data can be passed into and out of variables.
Viewers will learn how to use the INSERT statement to insert data into their tables. It will also introduce the NULL statement, to show them what happens when no value is giving for any given column.

911 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

19 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now