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email function in CGI

My question is to write a email function cgi program. One submit... it wake up our email program such as outlook express and send it out.
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ht055
Asked:
ht055
1 Solution
 
sybeCommented:
You don't need CGI for that, HTML will do fine:

<form action="mailto:anyone@anywhere.com">
<input type="submit">
</form>
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Patricia080698Commented:
Are you using ASP (Active server Pages) ?
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ht055Author Commented:
No...I'm not run on ASP.

I think I didn't declare very clearly. Sorry!

What I want is :

A mail list in a page. All of them have a check box. If I want send a mail to two particular person such as friend1 and friend2. So I check the check box and then click on submit button. Then it wake up my mail program such as outlook express and they are email address would be put in the 'to' recipient

For instant:

checkbox1 Friend1(included the email address)
checkbox2 Friend2(included the email address)
checkbox3 Friend3(included the email address)
checkbox4 Friend4(included the email address)

If I want to send a mail to friend1 and friend2, then I click on the checkbox1 and checkbox2. Then click on submit button...it wake a mail program and put the email address of them in 'to' recipient.

Thanks.
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rafisternCommented:
The basic idea is what sybe said. However the details are like this:

<script>
function sendmail(){
  var recipients="";
  for(i=0;i<document.mailForm.length;i++){
    if(document.mailForm.elements[i].checked){
      recipients=recipients+";"+document.mailForm.elements[i].name;
    }
  }
 document.location.href="mailto:x@y;a@b";
}
</script>
<form name=mailForm>
<input type=checkbox name="friend1@xyz">friend1
<input type=checkbox name="friend2@abc">friend2
<input type=checkbox name="friend3@pqr">friend3
<input type=button onclick="sendmail();">
</form>

This should open your mail program with a multiple sender in the to field.

(I am not sure whether the delimitter between the recipient names should be ";" or ",". Try it and see.)
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rafisternCommented:
There is a mistake in the answer.
 document.location.href="mailto:x@y;a@b";
should read
 document.location.href="mailto:"+recipients;

Sorry,
Rafi

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rafisternCommented:
This is real embarrassing. I just found another bug in my own answer. Well at least I found it and not someone else!

The script should be:

function sendmail(){
  var recipients="";
  for(i=0;i<document.mailForm.length;i++){
    if(document.mailForm.elements[i].checked){
      recipients=recipients+document.mailForm.elements[i].name+";";
    }
  }
 document.location.href="mailto"+recipients;
}
</script>

Rafi
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ht055Author Commented:
Thanks for above solution.

Is there above code running on the Javascipt and no need write in cgi code???


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rafisternCommented:
Yes you are right. This is all client-side JavaScript.
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ht055Author Commented:
I follow the below code and found an error when sending a mail. There is the recipient always end with ';'. For eaxample, if i send to friend1(abc@mail.com) i.e in 'to' fields look like abc@mail.com;

so the mail can't reach to abc@mail.com because of ';'.

please let me know i have a solution for it.

thanks.

function sendmail(){
  var recipients="";
  for(i=0;i<document.mailForm.length;i++){
    if(document.mailForm.elements[i].checked){
      recipients=recipients+document.mailForm.elements[i].name+";";
    }
  }
 document.location.href="mailto:"+recipients;
}
// --></script> </p>
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rafisternCommented:
add in the line

recipients=recipients.substring(0,recipients.length-2);

This should get rid of the final character.
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ht055Author Commented:
It is only work if there is only have one recipient.

If there is more than one recipient... it doesn't work. It look like this :

friend2@abfriend3@pq

it combined the mail address person one + mail address person two.

please give me some clue.

thanks you very much.
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ht055Author Commented:
Hi,

Trouble you again.

How to add the error message if all the check box is uncheck??? which means no recipient has been select.
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rafisternCommented:
The multiple recipients works on my mail program.

Try
recipients=recipients+document.mailForm.elements[i].name+",";
i.e. with "," not ";"

To check for no checkboxes checked do:

function sendmail(){
  var recipients="";
  var flag=false;
  for(i=0;i<document.mailForm.length;i++){
    if(document.mailForm.elements[i].checked){
      recipients=recipients+document.mailForm.elements[i].name+";";
      flag=true;
    }
  }
  if(flag){
   document.location.href="mailto:"+recipients;
  }
}

then it will only mail if at least one was checked.
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ht055Author Commented:
Hi Rafistern,

Thank you very much. You are so wonderful!
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ht055Author Commented:
Hi,

Asking one more question.

Add one more checkbox that when the check box is check(first time click), it select all the checkbox(all check box are check). So it would put all the email address in the 'to' field. so not need to click one by one check box if want to send a mail to all recipients.

Select click on check box.... it would uncheck the checkbox. So...there is no recipient in 'to' field.

Thanks.




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rafisternCommented:
function sendmail(){
  var recipients="";
  var flag=false;
  for(i=0;i<document.mailForm.length;i++){
    if(document.mailForm.elements[i].checked){
      recipients=recipients+document.mailForm.elements[i].name+";";
      flag=true;
    }
  }
  if(flag){
   document.location.href="mailto:"+recipients;
  }
  else{
    alert("You have not chosen any recipients!");
  }
}


I think that I have given you enough help now for 50 points. More questions=more points.
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ht055Author Commented:
How many points you want?
0
 
rafisternCommented:
If you have more questions, then submit them as a new question.
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ht055Author Commented:
Thank for your suggestion. Your are so lovely!
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