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CLIPPER/PRINT CODES

Posted on 1998-09-10
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Last Modified: 2008-02-01
How do I code in my Print Codes in Clipper to set up a printer to print 8 lines per inch.  I have codes, but don't how  to do the source codes ya know?????
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Question by:connerb
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Expert Comment

by:mark2150
ID: 1010423
For CLIPPER, I know not. But easiest way is to gen a short control file and send that to the printer prior to launching clipper. I use DEBUG to create this type of file. Assume we're going to create 8LPI and that the code for the 8LPI command is <esc>L8 (made up code) Then your DEBUG session might be:

DEBUG 8LPI         'Init file name
-F 0,1000 0            'Fill mem with 0's
-A 100                   'Assemble at 100
xxxx:0100   DB 27   'Define Esc
xxxx:0101   DB "L8"   'Define rest of code
xxxx:0103   <enter>   'Stop assembly
-RCX                     'CX:BX contains bytes to save. Last inst was at 3 so that is count
3
-W                        'Tell prog to save three bytes
-Q                         'Exit debug

At this point you'll be back at DOS prompt with little 3 byte file, 8LPI

In you batch to fire clipper (or any other prog that wants 8 LPI) put:

@ECHO OFF
COPY /B 8LPI PRN
.

The /B switch is required to tell DOS to send the number of bytes given in the file size and  not to look for a <Ctrl Z> (EOF) marker.

This works well.

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Author Comment

by:connerb
ID: 1010424
no disrespect intended, i appreciate your answer but i really don't know anything about debug either, i'm a mainframe programmer that got stuck with a pc project.  I would be interested in another solution that might be a little easier to understand.  Or if anyone knows of a tech-support # for Clipper, maybe that would help?
thanks for the time.
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Accepted Solution

by:
asthalas earned 300 total points
ID: 1010425
The easiest way to send escape chars in Clipper is by:
(sorry, don't remember the semantics of Clipper)
Set output to printer
print (i think it was an ? sign) chr(27)+the rest of the codes (27 is the ascii for escape)
The trick is to use the ascii codes with the chr() function to send the non-printable chars to the printer. Well, at least that worked for me with a PCL printer some years ago.
Hope it helps.
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Author Comment

by:connerb
ID: 1010426
Well i got that to compile,  I haven't acutally tried it on the printer(at another sight) so i'll have to test it tomorrow, thanks a lot, maybe you know what the chr() for 'C' is??
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Expert Comment

by:asthalas
ID: 1010427
Ascii is exactly a byte long, so I guess you could use itoa(ascii_code) to make it a char, or, even easier, just try something like:
char ESCAPE = 27;
(I'm no too good with C, either! :)
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Expert Comment

by:asthalas
ID: 1010428
I just understood what you asked (Sorry, my English is not too good...) the ASCII for 'C' (uppercase) is 67 (A=65, B=66 etc.) Anyway, you can get an ascii table in any DOS programmer's handbook :)
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Author Comment

by:connerb
ID: 1010429
asthalas, hay thanks a lot, i feel quite stupid now for not knowing that, being that i'm a programmer and all,  Well I spent 3 days searching the net for an answer to my problem, then found this sight and got it answered in a few hours!!  This sight is great!
Thanks for all the help experts..
i'll probably be back soon=-)
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