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Decision Making Program

Posted on 1998-09-18
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Last Modified: 2010-04-16
Could anyone help for following program.  It is my Pacsal Coursework.  You can send the source code directly to my email address : yllee@po.pacific.net.sg.  Thank you very much in advance.
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Write a program that determines two integers inputs by users can be a rectangle, triangle, circle or a square. Compare the area & perimeter of each geometric figure.
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Question by:yllee
5 Comments
 
LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:girts063098
ID: 1215610
You mean user can input coordinates of rectangle, triangle, circle or a square?
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Author Comment

by:yllee
ID: 1215611
Yes.
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LVL 2

Expert Comment

by:kellyjj
ID: 1215612
You should try to do your own homework. Then if you need help w/ a certain part or something then post that.
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Expert Comment

by:elkiors
ID: 1215613
Program flow decisions are easy :

I agree with kellyjj, but here are a few things to get you started.

This is the most basic form of an IF..THEN Decision:

IF A=B THEN
BEGIN
  { Do your code for this decision here }
END;

or you could expand it to do :

IF A=B THEN
BEGIN
  { Do your code for this decision here }
END
ELSE
BEGIN
  { Do something else instead }
END;

you can nest these constructs together ie.

IF A=B THEN
BEGIN
  { Do your code for this decision here }
END
ELSE
BEGIN
  { Do something else instead }
  IF C=D THEN
  BEGIN
    { Do your code for this decision here }
  END
  ELSE
  BEGIN
    { Do something else instead }
  END;
END;

but then you should know this already because your tutors should have given you this info.

have fun

elkiors,
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LVL 5

Accepted Solution

by:
scrapdog earned 100 total points
ID: 1215615
Try this program.  The only coordinates needed for the square are the left and right sides, and no coordinates are needed for the circle (only a radius).  Since your specs were very vague, it is hard to know exactly what you want.  If you are only learning pascal do a trace and see exactly what us going on.



program shapes;

const
  circle = 1;
  square = 2;
  rectangle = 3;
  triangle = 4;

function triangle_area(x1,y1,x2,y2,x3,y3 :real) :real;
var
  upper, lower, left_most, right_most, width, height,
  triangle_1, triangle_2, triangle_3 :real;
begin
  lower := y1;
  if y2 < lower then lower := y2;
  if y3 < lower then lower := y3;
  upper := y1;
  if y2 < upper then upper := y2;
  if y3 < upper then upper := y3;
  left_most := x1;
  if x2 < left_most then left_most := x2;
  if x3 < left_most then left_most := x3;
  right_most := x1;
  if x2 > right_most then right_most := x2;
  if x3 > right_most then right_most := x3;
  width := right_most - left_most;
  height := upper - lower;
  triangle_1 := abs((x2 - x1) * (y2 - y1) / 2);
  triangle_2 := abs((x3 - x2) * (y3 - y2) / 2);
  triangle_3 := abs((x1 - x3) * (y1 - y3) / 2);
  triangle_area := abs(width * height - triangle_1 - triangle_2 - triangle_3);
end;

function triangle_perimeter(x1,y1,x2,y2,x3,y3 :real) :real;
var
  dist_1, dist_2, dist_3  :real;
begin
  dist_1 := sqrt((x2-x1) * (x2-x1) + (y2-y1) * (y2-y1));
  dist_2 := sqrt((x3-x2) * (x3-x2) + (y3-y2) * (y3-y2));
  dist_3 := sqrt((x1-x3) * (x1-x3) + (y1-y3) * (y1-y3));
  triangle_perimeter := dist_1 + dist_2 + dist_3;
end;

procedure get_user_shape(var shape :integer);
begin
  repeat
    write('Enter shape (1 = circle, 2 = square, 3 = rectangle, 4 = triangle): ');
    readln(shape);
  until (shape >= 1) and (shape <= 4);
end;


procedure get_coordinate(message :string;  var coordinate :real);
begin
  write('Enter the ',message,': ');
  readln(coordinate);
end;


procedure get_shape_data(    shape :integer;
                         var area  :real;
                         var perimeter :real);

var
  radius, left_side, right_side, x1, y1, x2, y2, x3, y3 :real;
begin
  case shape of
    circle:  begin
               get_coordinate('radius of circle',radius);
               area := radius * radius * pi;
               perimeter := radius * pi * 2;
             end;
    square:  begin
               get_coordinate('x coordinate of left side of square', left_side);
               get_coordinate('x coordinate of right side of square', right_side);
               area := (right_side - left_side) * (right_side - left_side);
               perimeter := (right_side - left_side) * 4;
             end;
    rectangle: begin
                 get_coordinate('x coordinate of upper left corner of rectangle', x1);
                 get_coordinate('y coordinate of upper left corner of rectangle', y1);
                 get_coordinate('x coordinate of lower right corner of rectangle', x2);
                 get_coordinate('y coordinate of lower right corner of rectangle', y2);
                 area := abs((x2 - x1) * (y2 - y1));
                 perimeter := abs((x2 - x1) * 2 + (y2 - y1));
               end;
    triangle: begin
                get_coordinate('x coordinate of first vertex', x1);
                get_coordinate('y coordinate of first vertex', y1);
                get_coordinate('x coordinate of second vertex', x2);
                get_coordinate('y coordinate of second vertex', y2);
                get_coordinate('x coordinate of third vertex', x3);
                get_coordinate('y coordinate of third vertex', y3);
                area := triangle_area(x1,x2,y1,y2,x3,y3);
                perimeter := triangle_perimeter(x1,x2,y1,y2,x3,y3);
               end;
  end; {case}
end;

procedure output_result(shape :integer;
                        area, perimeter :real);
begin
  writeln;
  write('The area of the ');
  case shape of
    circle:     write('circle');
    square:     write('square');
    rectangle:  write('rectangle');
    triangle:   write('triangle');
  end;
  writeln(' is ',area:5:4);
  writeln('The perimeter is ',perimeter:5:4);
end;

var
  shape :integer;
  area, perimeter :real;

begin
  get_user_shape(shape);
  get_shape_data(shape, area, perimeter);
  output_result(shape, area, perimeter);
end.


scrapdog!
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