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Attached HWND

Posted on 1998-10-06
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Last Modified: 2013-11-20


Hi, experts
Here a easy question to you, and a difficult one for me.

In the following code
why they say
the dialog has no attched HWND in the constructor



BOOL CDerEditDlg::OnInitDialog()
      // create children on InitDialog
      //  (not in CDerEditDlg constructor since the dialog has
      //    no attached HWND in the constructor)   <------------------here is the question
{
      // This is an example of the _incorrect_ way to create a dialog
      // The following code show you what you should _not_ do:
      //    1) do not use hard coded numbers for coordinates and sizes
      //     (these will break when the font sizes changes and are
      //     hard to edit and maintain).
      //    2) do not put strings in code, they should be in resources.
      //    3) as you can see below the programming steps required
      //     to create controls, pass the correct creation parameters,
      //     and set the appropriate font, is complicated and error prone.
      //    4) localization of the controls would require changes to the
      //     sources for the captions, font, coordinates, and sizes.

      const int yStart = 8;
      const int height = 30;

      CPoint whereLabel(10, yStart);
      CSize sizeLabel(80, 24);

      CPoint whereEdit(90, yStart);
      CSize sizeEdit(140, 24);

      m_static1.Create(_T("Letters:"), WS_VISIBLE | WS_CHILD | SS_LEFT,
            CRect(whereLabel, sizeLabel), this, (UINT)-1);
      m_static1.SetFont(m_pFont);
      whereLabel.y += height;
      [....]
      return FALSE;   // focus set
}
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Question by:nightingale
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LVL 11

Accepted Solution

by:
mikeblas earned 200 total points
ID: 1323028
It's the way MFC works.

When you create a C++ object, such as an instance of your CDerEdit dialog, you're creating only the C++ object.  Some memory gets allocated, and the constructor runs.

That _doesn't_ create the actual Windows object. INstead, you need to take the separate step of calling the Create(), or DoModal() or CreateEx() members to get the Windows object associated with the C++ object created.

After you call one of those functions on a dialog box, Windows will send the dialog box window a WM_INITDIALOG message. So, the OnInitDialog() handler is the first place where a dialog object will have a valid m_hWnd after creation.

Similarly, when the dialog window is destroyed, it's destroyed before the C++ object.  The C++ object may realize the dialog is going away and delete itself, but it also may live on for a long time after the actual window is gone.

B ekiM

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Author Comment

by:nightingale
ID: 1323029
Thank you so much,mikeblas
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