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Output to printer ?

Posted on 1998-10-09
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Last Modified: 2012-05-05
C++ ( CodeWarrior, PMac ), how do I direct output to the printer instead of the screen ?
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Question by:ianscott
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by:elfie
ID: 1174713
Don't know code warrior , but try a freopen of stdout.
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NullTerminator earned 50 total points
ID: 1174714
Start by creating a CPrintDialog object.  do a do modal on it.  Then get relevant printer information from it.

CPrintDialog pdlg;
pdlg.DoModal();
CString strDriver, strDevice, strPort;
strDriver = pdlg.GetDriverName();
strDevice = pdlg.GetDeviceName();
strPort = pdlg.GetPortName();

// Then create a DC, in my case a member variable, (persistent scope)
LPDEVMODE lpDevMode = NULL;
lpDevMode = (LPDEVMODE)GlobalLock(pd.hDevMode);

if (!m_CDC.CreateDC(strDriver, strDevice, strPort, lpDevMode) )      {
        iOK = MessageBox(NULL, "Cannot print to device", "Print Parameters",
              MB_OK | MB_ICONINFORMATION);          
        GlobalFree(lpDevMode);
        return FALSE;
}
GlobalFree(lpDevMode);

//  Now that you have DC,
m_CDC.StartDoc();
m_CDC.StartPage()
m_CDC.TextOut(various params);
// eject
m_CDC.EndPage();
m_CDC.StarPage();
m_CDC.TextOut(more stuff);
m_CDC.EndPage();
m_CDC.EndDoc().

///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Moving & Drawing - Default to calling parent class functions
// BOOL CPTPrinter::LineTo(CPoint ptPoint);
// NOTE INVERTED Y COORDINATES
// Some MapModes have inverted coordinate systems

BOOL CPTPrinter::LineTo(int x, int y)
{
      return m_CDC.LineTo(x, -y);
}        
CPoint CPTPrinter::MoveTo(int x, int y)
{  
       return m_CDC.MoveTo(x, -y);
}  

//  if your first few tries to print feed out blank pages, try a loop which increments the y value from minus 5000 to plus 5000, step by 100's,  print some text and the Y value for reference.  Study the various SetMapMode() choices.  I prefer high english in .001 of inch.  Origin is upper left,  postive x to the right,  negative Y moves downward,

// (Quirk in VC,  RESET MAPMODE after every StartPage() )

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Expert Comment

by:NullTerminator
ID: 1174715
Followup,  Sorry if I assumed windows and VC++,

If you are just doing console stuff,  real easy way is to use
fprintf(stdprn, "My String of stuff with %s", "Args As Desired");

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Author Comment

by:ianscott
ID: 1174716
I *am* just doing console stuff - is :
 
fprintf(stdprn, "My String of stuff with %s", "Args As Desired");

- standard C++ o/p to printer ?

Could you clarify what the commands do ?

fprintf=?
stdprn=?

Also, what are the args ?

Thanks,
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Expert Comment

by:NullTerminator
ID: 1174717
fprintf is a standard library function that formats text and outputs it to a FILE stream buffer.  In this case I use the predefined system FILE stream represented by stdprn.  Other standards are stderr, stdout, stdin.

for more information on args, study the specification for printf and format specifiers

fprintf writes to the first argument,  instead of to stdout like printf

You can also use sprintf which writes to a character stream

char s[80];
int i = 10;
sprintf(s, "some Text with number %d", i);  // %d is replace with value of i
//  contents of s is now
//  "some Text with number 10"

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Expert Comment

by:NullTerminator
ID: 1174718
PS
#include <stdio.h>
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