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Using random numbers

Posted on 1998-10-14
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Last Modified: 2010-05-19
We are learning to use the
srand(time(NULL))
rand()%11
function command things, and our teacher asked us to make a "game" so to speak where the user enters a number, then the computer trys to guess it, you have to use while loops also. I tried this. (number being the users entered number, compguess being the random number the computer picks)
int compguess = rand()%number;
while(compguess != number)
  {
   count = count + 1; //to keep the amount of guesses
   cout<<compguess<<" was wrong"<<endl;  
  }
 cout<<"The computer took "<<count<<" times"<<endl;
well that just gave me a big long scrolling list of one number being wrong, can someone please tell me how I could go about doing this a.s.a.p. sorry its so long.
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Question by:truancy
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Accepted Solution

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lodin earned 100 total points
ID: 1175179
You need to set compguess every time you iterate through the loop.
while(compguess != number)
     {
      count = count + 1; //to keep the amount of guesses
      cout<<compguess<<" was wrong"<<endl;  
      compguess = rand()%number;
     }

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Expert Comment

by:gysbert1
ID: 1175180
In a case like this it as always a good idea to STEP through your code and see what the code you wrote really does.

Take a pen and paper and write down the variables after each step (or only the ones that changed). If you did this you would see why you got the same value all the time and it would be easy to spot the problem.

After doing this a number of times on paper it gets easier to step through with the values in your head to check your code.
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Expert Comment

by:mmachie
ID: 1175181
>while(compguess != number)
>     {
>      count = count + 1; //to keep the amount of guesses
>      cout<<compguess<<" was wrong"<<endl;    
>      compguess = rand()%number;
>     }

does this produce an infinite loop?  i mean, won't rand()%number result in a number between 0 and (number - 1) inclusive?
sorry about the daft question, but perhaps i don't understand the % operator.

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Expert Comment

by:icd
ID: 1175182
mmachie.

Quite right, the original question seemed to expect a number in the range 0-10 (inclusive) so this should be:-

compguess = rand() % 11;
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