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C and C++ libraries

Posted on 1998-10-27
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Last Modified: 2012-05-04
I have some libraries developed in C. These libs use variables names 'class' , 'new' etc which are keywords in C++. Please suggest me any option where I can use this libs in C++ without rewriting the libaries.

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Question by:agvenkat
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9 Comments
 
LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:scrapdog
ID: 1176264
use search and replace in your library to replace all instances of "class" with "Class", etc.

(or are keywords case insensitive?)

just a suggestion
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Author Comment

by:agvenkat
ID: 1176265
hi,
  I am asking for some alternative as a lot of code used by
other C guys also need to be changed so please suggest an alternative.

regards
venkatesh

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LVL 1

Expert Comment

by:willemnel
ID: 1176266
I'm afraid you'll have to rewrite (search and replace or whatever) some of the code if you want to use it in C++, since the words you're using are C++ key words and the compiler recognizes it as such.  As far as I know there's no way of getting around the compiler with this.
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LVL 8

Expert Comment

by:Answers2000
ID: 1176267
-- Did you know you double submitted the question ???

I have answered the other copy of this question.  For some reason E-E won't let me post a answer on this version of the question.

agvenkat - If you like my answer to the other copy agvenkat you can delete this copy to get your pts back


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LVL 5

Accepted Solution

by:
yonat earned 200 total points
ID: 1176268
You can wrap the C library with a facade which is C++ friendly. This means that your library reamins in C as-is (compiled using a C compiler) but that you provide an interface to it, in C, which does not contain any C++ keywords.

I'll use a trivial example to illustrate. Let's say the library contains only one function, declared in lib.h:
    int class(char* new);

You create a new C header file, CppLib.h, which contains the following declaration:
    extern "C" {
    int LibClass(char* inNew);
    }

It's corresponding CppLib.c file (compiled with the C compiler) will be:
    #include "lib.h"
    int LibClass(char* inNew)
    {
        return class(inNew);
    }

Your C++ program will #include the header CppLib.h, and not the original lib.h .

Now you have the same C library, compiled with a C compiler, but it is usable for C++ programs. All you need to write is the C++ friendly facade.

If you also have C++ keywords as fields in structs, unions or enums, the same principle apply: Declare a new struct, say, with the offensive field renamed, and let your facade translate it to the original struct when passing it on to the original library.

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LVL 5

Expert Comment

by:yonat
ID: 1176269
Oops, I forgat to wrap the extern declaration...

Your CppLib.h should be:

    #ifdef __cplusplus
    extern "C" {
    #endif

    int LibClass(char* inNew);

    #ifdef __cplusplus
    }
    #endif

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LVL 6

Expert Comment

by:thresher_shark
ID: 1176270
If you would like this duplicate question deleted, please respond and I will have customer service delete it.
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Author Comment

by:agvenkat
ID: 1176271
thresher_shark please get the duplicate question deleted.

Thanks for your help

venkatesh

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LVL 6

Expert Comment

by:thresher_shark
ID: 1176272
Oky doky, your problem has been solved :-)
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