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How do I use random integer generators?

Posted on 1998-10-30
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Last Modified: 2010-04-02
I'm trying to make a program that simulates dice rolling, but I don't know how to use what header files to include, or what commands I need to use.
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Question by:Jelo
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pagladasu earned 50 total points
ID: 1176623
To simulate a dice, you need random nos ranging from 1 to 6. You can try the following:

#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <time.h>

int yourfunction(){
   //obtain random no seed - using time so that different nos are generated each time
   srand( (unsigned)time( NULL ) );
   i=(rand()%6)+1;
  //i will now contain randomly generated nos from 1 to 6
  return i;
}

Hope this will help.
Thanks
Pagladasu
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Author Comment

by:Jelo
ID: 1176624
Thaks for the help, but you could explain, in detail, what each part of the function does?
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LVL 4

Expert Comment

by:pagladasu
ID: 1176625
The srand() function is used to generate a random number. I am providing the time() function so that the seed will be different each time.
The rand() function generates random numbers based on the seed from 0 to, I think RAND_MAX.
Obtaining the remainder (using %6), I will get an integer between 0 and 5 to which I add 1 to ensure that the value is between 1 and 6.
Thanks,
Pagladasu
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