Solved

SetTimer() for delay

Posted on 1998-11-01
3
703 Views
Last Modified: 2013-12-26
Hi,

   I want to write a delay function down to 1ms. Currently, I use SetTimer(timerId, timeout) to do this. Problem is, the timming seems correct only for "timeout > 100". Why is this happening, my code is like
this(simplified):


class NewDialog: public TDialog
{
public:
    NewDialog();
    ...
    ...

protected:
    int timenow;
    void EvTimer(uint);

    DECLARE_RESPONSE_TABLE(NewDialog);
};

DEFINE_RESPONSE_TABLE1(NewDialog, TDialog)
    EV_WM_TIMER,
END_RESPONSE_TABLE;

NewDialog::NewDialog()
{
    timenow = 0;
}

void NewDialog::SetupWindow()
{
    TDialog::SetupWindow();
    SetTimer(1, 1);
}

void NewDialog::EvTimer(uint)
{
    if(timenow++ == 1000)
    {
        MessageBox("Time out");
        timenow = 0;
    }
}


I compiled the code with Borland C++ 5.02.
The MessageBox takes > 10s to appear. What's wrong?
Or, is there any other ways to implement delay() under Win32?

Any help will be appreciated.

Thanks.
0
Comment
Question by:TanTT
3 Comments
 

Accepted Solution

by:
gatkinso earned 70 total points
ID: 1299800
The Windows SetTimer function only has a resolution of about 11 ms.  For a higher resolution timer, I would suggest using an MCI timer (harder to do, and I am only about 50% sure how to do it), or perhaps spawn a "Timer" thread in which you loop continuously, sending a message every millisecond:

void TimerThreadProc(LONG lParam) {
 while (bRunning) {
  Sleep(1);  //Sleep() has a resolution of 1 ms (so "they" say)
  SendMessage(hTargetWnd,ID_YOURTIMEOUTMESSAGEID,lYourDataParam);
 }
}

I hope that this is not a real time application (otherwise you wouldn't be running Windows :)  ), as this code will be off a few microseconds in either direction.

For the MCI method, search the documentation for info on the following fragment:

MCIERROR mciSendCommand(MCIDEVICEID wDeviceID,
              MCI_SETTIMECODE,    //  <--- this is the key
              DWORD dwFlags,
              (DWORD) (LPMCI_GENERIC_PARMS) lpSetTimeCode);
0
 
LVL 14

Expert Comment

by:AlexVirochovsky
ID: 1299801
Yes, gatkinso right, must use Pause command, but
must pay attention to 2 punkts:
1. This works only in thread !!!
2. You can not use Timer, but make Loop in you thread
 and Pause. For more details see Petzold's Book
"Programming in Windows"
This is example from 14 chapter:(multi2)

void Thread1 (PVOID pvoid)
     {
     PPARAMS pparams ;

     pparams = (PPARAMS) pvoid ;

     while (!pparams->bKill)
          {
             .... //you code
              Pause(1);
          }
     _endthread () ;
     }
Regards, Alex

0
 

Author Comment

by:TanTT
ID: 1299802
I checked the accuracy of Sleep() with following code:

   for(count = 0; count < 10000; count)
      Sleep(1);
   MessageBox("Timeout");

The messagebox took more than 20s to appear. Thus, it won't be accurate if I implement the code as stated.

The MCI part, however, I didn't test it since a lot of codes have to be modified.

My friend told me to use QueryPerformanceCounter() & QueryPerformanceFrequency() for high-resolution timer. The functions worked quite well. The messagebox took exactly 10s to appear on screen.

Thanks anyway.

0

Featured Post

Is Your Active Directory as Secure as You Think?

More than 75% of all records are compromised because of the loss or theft of a privileged credential. Experts have been exploring Active Directory infrastructure to identify key threats and establish best practices for keeping data safe. Attend this month’s webinar to learn more.

Question has a verified solution.

If you are experiencing a similar issue, please ask a related question

Suggested Solutions

Title # Comments Views Activity
Menu Trouble 8 36
CSS HELP 6 84
Microsoft Edge 9 93
removing hyperlinks from end-notes in a PDF to HTML conversion 8 79
There are two main kinds of selectors in CSS: One is base selector like h1, h2, body, table or any existing HTML tags.  For instance, the following rule sets all paragraphs (<p> elements) to red: (CODE) CSS also allows us to define our own custom …
Shoutout to Emily Plummer (http://www.experts-exchange.com/members/eplummer26.html) for giving me this article! She did most of it, I just finished it up and posted it for her :)    Introduction In a previous article (http://www.experts-exchang…
Viewers will learn about arithmetic and Boolean expressions in Java and the logical operators used to create Boolean expressions. We will cover the symbols used for arithmetic expressions and define each logical operator and how to use them in Boole…
The viewer will receive an overview of the basics of CSS showing inline styles. In the head tags set up your style tags: (CODE) Reference the nav tag and set your properties.: (CODE) Set the reference for the UL element and styles for it to ensu…

867 members asked questions and received personalized solutions in the past 7 days.

Join the community of 500,000 technology professionals and ask your questions.

Join & Ask a Question

Need Help in Real-Time?

Connect with top rated Experts

22 Experts available now in Live!

Get 1:1 Help Now