SetTimer() for delay

Posted on 1998-11-01
Last Modified: 2013-12-26

   I want to write a delay function down to 1ms. Currently, I use SetTimer(timerId, timeout) to do this. Problem is, the timming seems correct only for "timeout > 100". Why is this happening, my code is like

class NewDialog: public TDialog

    int timenow;
    void EvTimer(uint);



    timenow = 0;

void NewDialog::SetupWindow()
    SetTimer(1, 1);

void NewDialog::EvTimer(uint)
    if(timenow++ == 1000)
        MessageBox("Time out");
        timenow = 0;

I compiled the code with Borland C++ 5.02.
The MessageBox takes > 10s to appear. What's wrong?
Or, is there any other ways to implement delay() under Win32?

Any help will be appreciated.

Question by:TanTT
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Accepted Solution

gatkinso earned 70 total points
ID: 1299800
The Windows SetTimer function only has a resolution of about 11 ms.  For a higher resolution timer, I would suggest using an MCI timer (harder to do, and I am only about 50% sure how to do it), or perhaps spawn a "Timer" thread in which you loop continuously, sending a message every millisecond:

void TimerThreadProc(LONG lParam) {
 while (bRunning) {
  Sleep(1);  //Sleep() has a resolution of 1 ms (so "they" say)

I hope that this is not a real time application (otherwise you wouldn't be running Windows :)  ), as this code will be off a few microseconds in either direction.

For the MCI method, search the documentation for info on the following fragment:

              MCI_SETTIMECODE,    //  <--- this is the key
              DWORD dwFlags,
              (DWORD) (LPMCI_GENERIC_PARMS) lpSetTimeCode);
LVL 14

Expert Comment

ID: 1299801
Yes, gatkinso right, must use Pause command, but
must pay attention to 2 punkts:
1. This works only in thread !!!
2. You can not use Timer, but make Loop in you thread
 and Pause. For more details see Petzold's Book
"Programming in Windows"
This is example from 14 chapter:(multi2)

void Thread1 (PVOID pvoid)
     PPARAMS pparams ;

     pparams = (PPARAMS) pvoid ;

     while (!pparams->bKill)
             .... //you code
     _endthread () ;
Regards, Alex


Author Comment

ID: 1299802
I checked the accuracy of Sleep() with following code:

   for(count = 0; count < 10000; count)

The messagebox took more than 20s to appear. Thus, it won't be accurate if I implement the code as stated.

The MCI part, however, I didn't test it since a lot of codes have to be modified.

My friend told me to use QueryPerformanceCounter() & QueryPerformanceFrequency() for high-resolution timer. The functions worked quite well. The messagebox took exactly 10s to appear on screen.

Thanks anyway.


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