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Getting Registry Settings

Posted on 1998-11-07
Medium Priority
Last Modified: 2010-04-30
How do I retrieve registry settings, such as IP Address, Host Name, or any other setting?  

I know how to use GetSetting and SaveSetting for storing my programs settings, but getting other settings (preferrably without linking to an external DLL) is what I need to do (using VB5)

The most important thing I need is how to get the Host Name, but if you can explain getting the other settings, you'll get a better grade.

Question by:Lee W, MVP
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Accepted Solution

decypher earned 280 total points
ID: 1443837
Following is the code you will need to retrieve host and IP.
Registry not necessary for this purpose.  Note.  There is code for a BAS module, and FORM code at the bottom.

Add the following code to a BAS module:

Option Explicit

Public Const MAX_WSADescription = 256
Public Const MAX_WSASYSStatus = 128
Public Const ERROR_SUCCESS       As Long = 0
Public Const WS_VERSION_REQD     As Long = &H101
Public Const WS_VERSION_MAJOR    As Long = WS_VERSION_REQD \ &H100 And &HFF&
Public Const MIN_SOCKETS_REQD    As Long = 1
Public Const SOCKET_ERROR        As Long = -1

Public Type HOSTENT
   hName      As Long
   hAliases   As Long
   hAddrType  As Integer
   hLen       As Integer
   hAddrList  As Long
End Type

Public Type WSADATA
   wVersion      As Integer
   wHighVersion  As Integer
   szDescription(0 To MAX_WSADescription)   As Byte
   szSystemStatus(0 To MAX_WSASYSStatus)    As Byte
   wMaxSockets   As Integer
   wMaxUDPDG     As Integer
   dwVendorInfo  As Long
End Type

Public Declare Function WSAGetLastError Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" () As Long

Public Declare Function WSAStartup Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" _
   (ByVal wVersionRequired As Long, lpWSADATA As WSADATA) As Long
Public Declare Function WSACleanup Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" () As Long

Public Declare Function gethostname Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" _
   (ByVal szHost As String, ByVal dwHostLen As Long) As Long
Public Declare Function gethostbyname Lib "WSOCK32.DLL" _
   (ByVal szHost As String) As Long
Public Declare Sub CopyMemory Lib "kernel32" Alias "RtlMoveMemory" _
   (hpvDest As Any, ByVal hpvSource As Long, ByVal cbCopy As Long)

Public Function GetIPAddress() As String

   Dim sHostName    As String * 256
   Dim lpHost    As Long
   Dim HOST      As HOSTENT
   Dim dwIPAddr  As Long
   Dim tmpIPAddr() As Byte
   Dim i         As Integer
   Dim sIPAddr  As String
   If Not SocketsInitialize() Then
      GetIPAddress = ""
      Exit Function
   End If
  'gethostname returns the name of the local host into
  'the buffer specified by the name parameter. The host
  'name is returned as a null-terminated string. The
  'form of the host name is dependent on the Windows
  'Sockets provider - it can be a simple host name, or
  'it can be a fully qualified domain name. However, it
  'is guaranteed that the name returned will be successfully
  'parsed by gethostbyname and WSAAsyncGetHostByName.

  'In actual application, if no local host name has been
  'configured, gethostname must succeed and return a token
  'host name that gethostbyname or WSAAsyncGetHostByName
  'can resolve.
   If gethostname(sHostName, 256) = SOCKET_ERROR Then
      GetIPAddress = ""
      MsgBox "Windows Sockets error " & Str$(WSAGetLastError()) & _
              " has occurred. Unable to successfully get Host Name."
      Exit Function
   End If
  'gethostbyname returns a pointer to a HOSTENT structure
  '- a structure allocated by Windows Sockets. The HOSTENT
  'structure contains the results of a successful search
  'for the host specified in the name parameter.

  'The application must never attempt to modify this
  'structure or to free any of its components. Furthermore,
  'only one copy of this structure is allocated per thread,
  'so the application should copy any information it needs
  'before issuing any other Windows Sockets function calls.

  'gethostbyname function cannot resolve IP address strings
  'passed to it. Such a request is treated exactly as if an
  'unknown host name were passed. Use inet_addr to convert
  'an IP address string the string to an actual IP address,
  'then use another function, gethostbyaddr, to obtain the
  'contents of the HOSTENT structure.
   sHostName = Trim$(sHostName)
   lpHost = gethostbyname(sHostName)
   If lpHost = 0 Then
      GetIPAddress = ""
      MsgBox "Windows Sockets are not responding. " & _
              "Unable to successfully get Host Name."
      Exit Function
   End If
  'to extract the returned IP address, we have to copy
  'the HOST structure and its members
   CopyMemory HOST, lpHost, Len(HOST)
   CopyMemory dwIPAddr, HOST.hAddrList, 4
  'create an array to hold the result
   ReDim tmpIPAddr(1 To HOST.hLen)
   CopyMemory tmpIPAddr(1), dwIPAddr, HOST.hLen
  'and with the array, build the actual address,
  'appending a period between members
   For i = 1 To HOST.hLen
      sIPAddr = sIPAddr & tmpIPAddr(i) & "."
  'the routine adds a period to the end of the
  'string, so remove it here
   GetIPAddress = Mid$(sIPAddr, 1, Len(sIPAddr) - 1)
End Function

Public Function GetIPHostName() As String

    Dim sHostName As String * 256
    If Not SocketsInitialize() Then
        GetIPHostName = ""
        Exit Function
    End If
    If gethostname(sHostName, 256) = SOCKET_ERROR Then
        GetIPHostName = ""
        MsgBox "Windows Sockets error " & Str$(WSAGetLastError()) & _
                " has occurred.  Unable to successfully get Host Name."
        Exit Function
    End If
    GetIPHostName = Left$(sHostName, InStr(sHostName, Chr(0)) - 1)

End Function

Public Function HiByte(ByVal wParam As Integer)

    HiByte = wParam \ &H100 And &HFF&  
End Function

Public Function LoByte(ByVal wParam As Integer)

    LoByte = wParam And &HFF&    

End Function

Public Sub SocketsCleanup()

    If WSACleanup()<> ERROR_SUCCESS Then
        MsgBox "Socket error occurred in Cleanup."
    End If
End Sub

Public Function SocketsInitialize() As Boolean

   Dim sLoByte As String
   Dim sHiByte As String
      MsgBox "The 32-bit Windows Socket is not responding."
      SocketsInitialize = False
      Exit Function
   End If
   If WSAD.wMaxSockets < MIN_SOCKETS_REQD Then
        MsgBox "This application requires a minimum of " & _
                CStr(MIN_SOCKETS_REQD) & " supported sockets."
        SocketsInitialize = False
        Exit Function
    End If
   If LoByte(WSAD.wVersion) < WS_VERSION_MAJOR Or _
     (LoByte(WSAD.wVersion) = WS_VERSION_MAJOR And _
      HiByte(WSAD.wVersion) < WS_VERSION_MINOR) Then
      sHiByte = CStr(HiByte(WSAD.wVersion))
      sLoByte = CStr(LoByte(WSAD.wVersion))
      MsgBox "Sockets version " & sLoByte & "." & sHiByte & _
             " is not supported by 32-bit Windows Sockets."
      SocketsInitialize = False
      Exit Function
   End If
  'must be OK, so lets do it
   SocketsInitialize = True
End Function

'------------------------end block--'

Add the following form code to the form (note, you will need command buttons named properly).

Option Explicit

Private Sub cmdGetMachineID_Click()

   Text1 = GetIPHostName()
   Text2 = GetIPAddress()

End Sub



Expert Comment

ID: 1443838
Btw:   It would take forever and paste more stuff, so I will just give you the Q article at Microsoft for how to use more advanced Registry manipulation (rather then the built in, in VB5)
To use these functions will also require a call to an external DLL.  You can however use them to access any portion of the registry you wish.  Http://support.microsoft.com
Article is Article ID: Q145679     Read on!  Enjoy!

LVL 96

Author Comment

by:Lee W, MVP
ID: 1443839
So I take it there's no simple VB command like "GetRegSetting HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\ComputerName\ActiveComputerName\ComputerName" or something?  (I know I'm looking for the host name and not computer name, just using this as an example)

Expert Comment

ID: 1443840
Host name is based on whatever DNS server services your IP range (Intranet or Internet).  Or if you have a Hosts file etc. that will resolve it.  To my knowledge this information is not kept in the registry, unless that particular hosts was looked up (i.e. you browsed to a website).  Most likely it would also be stored in Octal Format or base decimal format, so you would need to know the precise key in the registry it was stored in, as well, be able to decipher it, once you had the value.

As for a simple VB command, no, I am not aware of one.  From the code I posted though, it would not be hard to create a module or function that would house the guts of the command, allowing you to make a call as you described in your last message.  

I myself have various API call's that can be long and cumbersome written into such functions, that I store in a library, and grab when needed.

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