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Convering Colored Bitmap (palette mode) to Monochrom Bitmap

Posted on 1998-11-15
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Last Modified: 2013-12-03
I tried to convert 256 colored bitmap to monochrom bitmap.
I used the SetBkColor to set which color goes to white,
but in the result, more colors went to white, not only the specified in the SetBkColor.
Thanks.
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Question by:bugsi
5 Comments
 
LVL 15

Expert Comment

by:NickRepin
ID: 1416075
There are some ways. What do you want to convert - file, bitmap object (HBITMAP), device-independed bitmap (DIBSECTION) ?
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LVL 15

Expert Comment

by:NickRepin
ID: 1416076
And which way you trying to do this?
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LVL 2

Expert Comment

by:cramer091498
ID: 1416077
Have a look at
http://www.codeguru.com/bitmap/index.shtml

This has code to alter the bitmap palette to make it grayscale
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Accepted Solution

by:
AlexVirochovsky earned 200 total points
ID: 1416078
Hi, i send you main Programm, that create palette
for Transformation, but function YouCondition: you choice:
you must decide, wich color must goto BLACK, wich: to WHITE:
..
HANDLE hImage = LoadImage (NULL, ofn.lpstrFile, IMAGE_BITMAP, 0, 0,
            LR_LOADFROMFILE | LR_CREATEDIBSECTION);
/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////
// Palette generation routines and helpers

HPALETTE CreateExactPalette (HANDLE hImage)
{
    DIBSECTION ds;
    UINT nColors, i;
    RGBQUAD* prgb;
    LOGPALETTE* plp;
    HDC hdc, hdcMem;
    HBITMAP hOldBitmap;
    HPALETTE hPalette;
    DWORD dwSize;

    // Get the number of colors in the image
    GetObject (hImage, sizeof (ds), &ds);
    if (ds.dsBmih.biClrUsed != 0)
        nColors = ds.dsBmih.biClrUsed;
    else
        nColors = 1 << ds.dsBmih.biBitCount;

    if (nColors > 256) // Sanity check
        return NULL;

    // Retrieve the image's color table
    if ((prgb = (RGBQUAD*) HeapAlloc (GetProcessHeap (), 0,
        nColors * sizeof (RGBQUAD))) == NULL)
        return NULL;

    hdc = GetDC (NULL);
    hdcMem = CreateCompatibleDC (hdc);
    hOldBitmap = SelectObject (hdcMem, hImage);
    nColors = min (nColors, GetDIBColorTable (hdcMem, 0, nColors, prgb));
    SelectObject (hdcMem, hOldBitmap);
    DeleteDC (hdcMem);
    ReleaseDC (NULL, hdc);

    if (nColors == 0) { // Another sanity check
        HeapFree (GetProcessHeap (), 0, prgb);
        return NULL;
    }

    // Create a logical palette from the colors in the color table
    dwSize = sizeof (LOGPALETTE) + ((nColors - 1) * sizeof (PALETTEENTRY));
    if ((plp = (LOGPALETTE*) HeapAlloc (GetProcessHeap (), 0,
        dwSize)) == NULL) {
        HeapFree (GetProcessHeap (), 0, prgb);
        return NULL;
    }

    plp->palVersion = 0x300;
    plp->palNumEntries = (WORD) nColors;
                  //it is main place!!!!!
    for (i=0; i<nColors; i++) {
       if (YouConditon(prgb[i])
         prgb[i].rgbRed = prgb[i].rgbGreen = prgb[i].rgbBlue = 255;
       else
         prgb[i].rgbRed = prgb[i].rgbGreen = prgb[i].rgbBlue = 0;
    }

    for (i=0; i<nColors; i++) {
        plp->palPalEntry[i].peRed   = prgb[i].rgbRed;
        plp->palPalEntry[i].peGreen = prgb[i].rgbGreen;
        plp->palPalEntry[i].peBlue  = prgb[i].rgbBlue;
        plp->palPalEntry[i].peFlags = 0;
    }

    hPalette = CreatePalette (plp);

    HeapFree (GetProcessHeap (), 0, plp);
    HeapFree (GetProcessHeap (), 0, prgb);
    return hPalette;
}
.
After that you must Realize and Actice Palette as

void DisplayDIBSection (HDC hdc, HANDLE hImage, HPALETTE hPalette)
{
    HDC hdcMem;
    HBITMAP hOldBitmap;
    DIBSECTION ds;
    int cx, cy;

    hdcMem = CreateCompatibleDC (hdc);
    if (hPalette != NULL) {
        SelectPalette (hdcMem, hPalette, FALSE);
        RealizePalette (hdcMem);
        SelectPalette (hdc, hPalette, FALSE);
        RealizePalette (hdc);
    }

    GetObject (g_hImage, sizeof (ds), &ds);
    cx = ds.dsBmih.biWidth;
    cy = ds.dsBmih.biHeight;

    hOldBitmap = SelectObject (hdcMem, hImage);
    BitBlt (hdc, 0, 0, cx, cy, hdcMem, 0, 0, SRCCOPY);

    SelectObject (hdcMem, hOldBitmap);
    DeleteDC (hdcMem);
}
Regards, Alex
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Author Comment

by:bugsi
ID: 1416079
Thank you. I will check it but it seems to be what I need.
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