Searching Files in a directory

Posted on 1998-11-18
Last Modified: 2010-04-15
What is the C function is used to search for files in the directory or subdirectory? Theare is a function ' stat ' for which if you give the file name we can get the information about that file whether it is ordinary file or a directory etc. Like this is there any function which searchs for the files in the directory?
Question by:jsreedhar
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Author Comment

ID: 1254407
Let me know the answer as early as possible.
Thank you.

Author Comment

ID: 1254408
Let me know the answer as early as possible,
Thank you.

Expert Comment

ID: 1254409
1.  What operating system are you using?
2.  What exactly do you mean by "search"?  Determining if a filename exists?  Listing all files that meet certain criteria?  Listing all files in a given directory?
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Accepted Solution

rbr earned 100 total points
ID: 1254410
Use opendir to open the directory structur and readdir to read ony entry. with stat (fstat) you can check the type of the entry (file or subdir).
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Expert Comment

ID: 1254411
DIR *pdir
struct dirent *pentry;
struct stat stat;

pdir=opendir ("/");
while (NULL != (pentry = readdir (pdir))) {
      stat (pdir->d_name,&stat);
      if (stat.st_mode & S_IFDIR) {
            printf ("Directory: %s",pdir->d_name);


Author Comment

ID: 1254412
I am sorry, If I am not clear in the question. The question is like this. If I give a pattern say
' *.* ', it should list all the file names in the current directory and the sub-directories. Like in windows sdk programming we have FindFirstFile and FineNextFile which helps for doing the above. Same way is there any functions in C language. Actually I want write for both dos and unix. That is why I am using only C functions.

Thank you.

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